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History Finals

QuestionAnswer
What was the triangular trade route It's how European ships moved goods and people between Europe, Africa, and the Americas
What was transported between the Americas and Europe in the triangular trade route Sugar, cotton and rum
What was transported between Europe and Africa in the triangular trade route Pots, pans, guns, alcohol and horses
What was transported between Africa and the Americas in the triangular trade route Slaves
What was the trade rout between the Americas and Africa called The middle passage
When did the English arrive at Jamestown May, 1607
What was the first permanent English colony Jamestown
Who was taken to Jamestown Men and boys *TRIGGERED*
Why was the location of Jamestown so good It was smart, militarily speaking
Did they find tobacco in Jamestown Yes
Who wrote the mayflower compact William Brewster
What is the mayflower compact It's the first governing document in America. It's the establishment of a democratic society
What did the pilgrims want Peace
What part of the pilgrims did brutal things Separatists
How were puritans different from separatists Puritans weren't needy
What did the pilgrims want from the Indians Land to build more towns and houses
Did the pilgrims or the Wampanoag dominate in culture The pilgrims
Who tried to spread Christianity to the Wampanoag The pilgrims
Who was Martin Luther A religious reformer
When were the Salem Witch Trials 1692
How many people were accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials Over 150
How many people were hung in the Salem witch trials 19
The French and Indian war was George Washington's ___ war 1st
Who was in the French and Indian war British and Indians French and Indians
Why did the French and Indian war start To figure out who owned the Ohio river valley
Why were the French in the Americas To fur trade
Why are the English in the Americas To grow cash crops
Did the French or the English have the better relationship with Indians French
Were there more French or English in the French and Indian war English
Who realized making a fort at the forks of the Ohio river valley was smart George Washington
What battle did Washington fight in during the French and Indian war Battle of monongahela
Who commanded the VA Regiment George Washington
How did Washington start the Seven Years' War By signing a French confession
Who created the Albany Plan of Union Benjamin Franklin
What was the Albany Plan of Union created for To create a unified government to defend from the French
Who was William Pitl The British Secretary of State
What did William pitl want to do no matter what He wanted to defeat France in America and Europe
What did William pitl lead the British to do to the American colonists He lead Britain to tax the American colonists
Who was General Braddock The commander of all British troops in North America
How did Braddock's fighting style do It failed in North America
How did Braddock die During the. Battle of monongahela
What did marquis de Montcalm do He commanded all French forces in North America
How did marquis de Montcalm die In the battle of Quebec
What was Colonial James Wolfe's goal To capture Quebec
How did Colonial James Wolfe die In the battle of Quebec
Who won the battle of Quebec and the French and Indian war The British
Why did King George issue the Proclamation of 1763 To keep colonists from moving onto lands reserved for the Indians west of the Appalachian mountains
How many troops were placed in the colonies to enforce the Proclamation of 1763 10,000
What was the sugar act A tax on all sugar imported into the colonies
What kind of tax was the sugar act A tax on trade, not a tax affecting each colonist
What was the quartering act It required some colonies to house and feed British soldiers in barracks or public places
What was the first direct tax The stamp act
What was the stamp tax It required all paper products have a stamp showing the owner paid the tax
Which act got repealed in 1766 The stamp act
Who was Samuel Adams He was the leader of the Boston Sons of Liberty
What did john Adams do He defended the British soldiers and won in the Boston massacre
What were the first battles of the American revolution The battles of Lexington and concord
What were the results of the battles of Lexington and concord The 2nd continental congress decided to form the continental army where George Washington would be the commanding general and they authorized printing paper money
What was the olive branch petition A last effort by the 2nd continental congress to make peace with king George iii
Who drafted the olive branch petition John Dickinson
What did Alexander Hamilton do He joined the continental army, became Washington's secretary, a delegate to the Philadelphia convention
What was Hamilton's goal To get The US out of debt and financially stable
What did Hamilton create Customs offices, lighthouses, coast guards, government budget system and the US central bank
Who won the war of 1812 Both sides claimed victory
Who was appointed to serve under Washington at his home Aaron Burr
Who was the first president to almost get assassinated Andrew Jackson
What did Andrew Jackson start leading to the death of over 20,000 Indians The Trail of Tears
When was the constitution written 1787
When was the Declaration of Independence signed 1776
What did the Virginia plan propose It proposed a strong central government composed of three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial
What did the great compromise propose It proposed that every state was given equal representation in one house of Congress, and proportional representation in the other
What happened to the Roanoke colony No one knows
What is a militia a military force that is raised from the civil population to supplement a regular army in an emergency.
What were big reform movements in the 1800s Women's rights, child labor and abolition of slavery
What is Valley forge The military where the American Continental Army spent the winter during the American Revolutionary War.
What is the thee-fifths compromise It says that slaves will count for 3/5 of the population
Who wrote common sense Thomas Paine
How did Texas gain their independence from Mexico Houston's army won a battle against at San Jacinto
What is the highest judicial court in a country or state. The Supreme Court
Why did the southern states' secession happen Because they wanted to keep slavery
What was the southern states' main export Cotton
Why were the sons of liberty created to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government
What does slavery cause Attitudes of slave owners
What was the result of Shay's rebellion The Rebellion was crushed
What is a privateer an armed ship owned by private individuals holding a government commission and authorized for use in war
What was prince Henry the navigator paid to do To find a route around Africa to Asia
What happened after Pontiac's rebellion Portage around Niagara Falls ceded by Senecas to the British
Who was Pocahontas A Powhatan woman involved with Jamestown
What did Pizarro do He led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire
Who was Marquis de Lafayette He was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War
Who were the loyalists The Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War
What is the legislative branch It is made up of the two houses of Congress. It males laws
Who were the leaders of the corp of discovery Thomas Jefferson, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
What is judicial review review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
What is the judicial branch It is in charge of deciding the meaning of laws
Who was john Paul jones He was the first well-known naval commander in the American Revolutionary War
Who was john brown John Brown was an American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States
Who was James madison Our 4th president
What is an indentured servant A person under contract to work for another person for a definite period of time
What's a hessian the term given to the 18th century German auxiliaries contracted for military service by the British government
Who was Harriet Tubman an abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy
Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe An abolitionist and author who wrote tom's cabin
What was the great awakening a movement among Protestant Christians who were reacting to a number of religious conditions in the colonies
Who was Fredrick Douglass Someone who escaped slavery and told his tale
Who were the federalist People who support a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority
What is the federalist papers a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution
What's a federal system a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments
What is the executive branch It is vested in the President of the United States
Who was Ethan Allen He was one of the founders of Vermont
Who was the donner party It was a group of American pioneers led by George Donner and James F. Reed who set out for California in a wagon train
What does secede mean withdraw formally from membership in a federal union
What did Cortes do He led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire
What was the confederate states of America It was a self-proclaimed nation of 11 secessionist slave-holding states of the United States
What is a conquistador a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
What is the bill of rights The first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Who was Benedict Arnold He was a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but defected to the British Army
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson
Who wrote the star spangled banner John Stafford Smith
What were the articles of confederation the first constitution of the United States
What is an anti federalist a person who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1789
Who was Abraham Lincoln He was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 16th President
What was an abolitionist a person who favors the abolition of a practice of slavery
Created by: MasterMogolini