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Social Studies Sec.1

Chapter 23 8th World War 1 section 1 study guide

In the 1800s, what inspired people who shared a language or culture to unite politically? nationalism
What contributed to tensions in Europe at the beginning of the twentieth century? Militarism
What two countries formed an alliance in 1893 in which each nation promised to protect the other if it was attacked? Russia and France
In the early 1900s who were known as the Allied Powers? France, Russia, and Britain
On June 28, 1914, who was killed by a 19-year-old Serb nationalist? Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria Hungary
Who was the Serb nationalist whose actions started World War 1? Gavrilo Princip
What affected Europe by leading Austria Hungary to declare war on Serbia? the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand
What was a large part of what made World War 1 so long and deadly? the use of trench warfare
What is a stalemate and a situation in which a stalemate took place? A stalemate is a situation in which no side can win a decisive victory. In 1916 each side tried to end the stalemate by launching massive attacks- the Germans in the French city of Verdun, the Allies along the Somme River.
What are German submarines used to attack Allied and neutral ships called? U-boats
Created by: lindseylandewee