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CIvil War

26 Civil War Vocabulary Words

TermDefinition
Sectionalism restriction of interest to a narrow sphere; undue concern with local interests or petty distinctions at the expense of general well-being.
Fugitive a person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution.
Secede withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Abstain restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something.
Popular Sovereignty The principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
Border Ruffians The Border Ruffians were pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory to force the acceptance of slavery there.
Arsenal a collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group.
Secession the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.
States Rights the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Border State the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Blockade an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
Offensive causing someone to feel deeply hurt, upset, or angry.
Rebel a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler.
Yankee a person who lives in, or is from, the US.
Blockade Runner a vessel that runs or attempts to run into or out of a blockaded port.
Ironclad a 19th-century warship with armor plating.
Casualty a person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate 1. set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions. 2. free from slavery
Ratify sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Habeas Corpus a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Draft compulsory recruitment for military service.
Bounty a sum paid for killing or capturing a person or animal.
Greenback a dollar bill; a dollar.
Inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Entrenched (of an attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained.
Total War a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Created by: rrbb12