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Civil War

TermDefinition
sectionalism excessive regard for sectional or social interests
fugitive a person that is fleeing from prosecution
secede to formally withdraw from an alliance
abstain to hold oneself voluntarily
popular sovereignity the doctrine that sovereign power is vested in the people and that those chosen to govern, as trustees of such power, must exercise it in conformity with the general will
border ruffians pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory to force the acceptance of slavery there
arsenal a place of storage or a magazine containing arms and military equipment for land or naval service
secession the act of seceding
states rights the rights belonging to the various states
border state the slave states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri that refused to secede from the union
blockade the isolating, closing off, or surrounding of a place, as a port, harbor, or city, by hostile ships or troops to prevent entrance or exit
offensive offense or attack
rebel a person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against the government or ruler of his or her country
yankee a native or inhabitant of the united states
blockade runner a ship or person that passes through a blockade
ironclad a ship for naval warfare covered in iron plates
casualty someone injured or killed in an accident
emancipate to free from restraint
ratify to confirm by expressing consent
habeas corpus a writ requiring a person to be brought before a judge or court
draft a first or preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, copying
bounty a premium or reward, especially one offered by a government
greenback a U.S. legal-tender note, printed in green on the back since the Civil War
inflation a persistent, substantial rise in the general level of prices related to an increase in the volume of money and resulting in the loss of value of currency
entrenched to place in a position of strength
total war a war in which every available weapon is used and the nation's full financial resources are devoted
Created by: Nathan2003