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US History Vocab

TermDefinition
Sectionalism The thought of your part of the country has the more important problems.
Fugitive A person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution.
Secede Withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Abstain Formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion.
Popular Sovereignty Is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
Border ruffians People who wanted slavery and FORCED other states to accept slavery and have slaves of their own.
Arsenal A place where weapons and military equipment are stored or made.
States rights The rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Secession The withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860, leading to the Civil War.
Border state any of the slave states that bordered the northern free states during the US Civil War.
Blockade an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
Offensive an attacking military campaign
Rebel a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler.
Yankee a person who lives in, or is from, the US.
Blockade runner a vessel that runs or attempts to run into or out of a blockaded port.
Ironclad a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
Casualty a person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions
Ratify sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Habeas corpus a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Draft A system for selecting young men for compulsory military service, administered in the United States by the Selective Service System.
Bounty A reward for catching a fugitive
Greenback a dollar bill; a dollar.
Inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Entrenched (of an attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained.
Total war a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Created by: Fury_dasher10