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Civil War

Civil war Vocab

TermDefinition
Sectionalism undue concern with local interests or petty distinctions at the expense of general well-being.
Fugitive a person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or prosecution.
Secede withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Abstain formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion
Popular Sovereignty a pre-Civil War political doctrine that held that individual states should decide whether to permit slavery or not.
Border ruffians a group of pro slavery people from Missouri, who crossed the border into Kansas to force them to accept slavery.
Arsenal a collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group
Secession the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state
States rights the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Border state a US state that borders Canada or Mexico.
Blockade an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
Offensive actively aggressive; attacking
Rebel a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler
Yankee a federal or northern soldier in the American Civil War.
Blockade runner a vessel that runs or attempts to run into or out of a blockaded port.
Ironclad a 19th-century warship with armor plating.
Casualty a person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions
Ratify sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Habeas corpus Habeas corpus is a recourse in law whereby a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment before a court
Draft compulsory recruitment for military service
Bounty a premium or reward, especially one offered by a government
Greenback a U.S. legal-tender note, printed in green on the back since the Civil War, originally issued against the credit of the country and not against gold or silver on deposit.
Inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money
Entrenched to dig trenches for defensive purposes around (oneself, a military position, etc.).
Total war a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Created by: Nalon