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Civil War Terms

26 Terms of Civil War

TermDefinition
Sectionalism Loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole.
Fugitive A person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution.
Secede Withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Abstain Restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something.
Popular Sovereignty The principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
Border ruffians The Border Ruffians were pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory to force the acceptance of slavery there.
Arsenal A collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group.
Secession The action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.
States rights The rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Border state Any of the slave states that bordered the northern free states during the US Civil War.
Blockade The isolation by a warring nation of an enemy area (such as a harbor) by troops or warships to prevent passage of persons or supplies
Offensive A military operation that seeks through aggressive projection of armed force to occupy territory, gain an objective or achieve some larger strategic, operational, or tactical goal.
Rebel A person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler.
Yankee A person who lives in, or is from, the US.
Blockade runner A ship that attempted to get through the Union blockade of Southern waters during the Civil War.
Ironclad A wooden warship of the middle or late 19th century having iron or steel armor plating.
Casualty A person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate A proclamation made by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 that all slaves under the Confederacy were from then on forever free.
Ratify Sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Habeas corpus A writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Draft Select (a person or group of people) for a certain purpose.
Bounty A sum paid to encourage trade.
Greenback A dollar bill; a dollar.
Inflation Inflation is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising and, consequently, the purchasing power of currency is falling.
Entrenched To place (someone or something) in a very strong position that cannot easily be changed.
Total war A military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and other resources to obtain a complete victory, as distinguished from limited war.
Created by: Ronit
 

 



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