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Civil War Vocab

TermDefinition
Sectionalism Restriction of interest to a narrow sphere; undue concern with local interests or petty distinctions at the expense of general well-being.
Fugitive A person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution.
Secede Withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Abstain Formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion.
Popular Sovereignty The principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives.
Border ruffians Pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory to force the acceptance of slavery there.
Arsenal A collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group
Secession The withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860, leading to the Civil War.
States rights Political powers reserved for the state governments rather than the federal government according to the United States Constitution.
Border state Any of the slave states that bordered the northern free states during the US Civil War.
Blockade An act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
Offensive An attacking military campaign.
Rebel A person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler.
Yankee An inhabitant of New England or one of the northern states.
Blockade runner A vessel that runs or attempts to run into or out of a blockaded port.
Ironclad Covered or protected with iron.
Casualty A person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate Set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions.
Ratify Sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Habeas corpus A writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Draft Compulsory recruitment for military service.
Bounty A sum paid for killing or capturing a person or animal.
Greenback A dollar bill.
Inflation A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Entrenched (of an attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change
Total war A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Created by: VLV05
 

 



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