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Civil war vocab

TermDefinition
Sectionalism loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole.
Fugitive a person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution.
Secede withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Abstain formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion.
Popular Sovereignty the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
Border ruffians pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri.
Arsenal a place where weapons and military equipment are stored or made.
Secession the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.
States rights the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Border state Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri.
Blockade an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
Offensive an attacking military campaign.
Rebel a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler
Yankee an inhabitant of New England or one of the northern states.
Blockade runner a lighter-weight ship used for evading a naval blockade.
Ironclad a 19th-century warship with armor plating.
Casualty a person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions.
Ratify sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Habeas corpus a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Draft compulsory recruitment for military service.
Bounty The draft of 1863 allowed individuals to pay a bounty to someone else to fight in their place rather than be drafted.
Greenback Paper currency.
Inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Entrenched to place in a position of strength; establish firmly or solidly.
Total war A war in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Created by: Meghanak