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Civil War Vocab

Mr. Common - 1st Hour

TermDefinition
border state any of the slave states that bordered the northern (free) states during the United States Civil War
blockade the sealing off of a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
offensive an attacking military campaign
rebel a person who rises in opposition against an established government or ruler
Ya nkee an inhabitant of New England or one of the northern states
blockade runner a vessel that attempts to run into or out of a blockaded port
ironclad a warship covered in armor plating
casualty a person killed or injured in a war, disaster, or accident
emancipate to set free from slavery
ratify to sign a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid
habeas corpus a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
draft the recruitment for military service
bounty a sum paid for killing or capturing a person (or animal)
greenback a dollar bill
inflation an increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money
entrenched firmly established and unlikely to change
total war a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued
sectionalism restriction of interest to a narrow sphere
fugitive a person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding
secede to formally withdraw from membership in a federal union
abstain to decline to vote either for or against a proposal
popular sovereignty the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people
border ruffians pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri
arsenal a collection of weapons and military equipment
secession to formally withdraw from a membership in a federation or body
states rights the powers and rights held by individual states (as opposed to those held by the federal government)
Created by: Jacksonsteffen