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Tong USH Civil Rts

Why is the death of Emmett Till significant in the movement? The media publicized that murder and mutilation of a black child was acceptable in the South
What was the court decision regarding Till’s murder? No one was found guilty
Why was Rosa Parks’ refusal to give up her seat significant in the movement? The media publicized Southern segregation practices to the entire nation
What did the black people want to happen with regard to the bus system in Alabama? End separate seating areas
How did black workers in Montgomery, Alabama get to work during the bus boycott? Walked, rode in private cars, used taxis
Why did the bus boycott end? Protests continued, bus company lost money, negative media coverage
What were the purposes of the Citizens’ Council? Support segregation, refuse African-Americans rights
What did the Citizens’ Council do to people who opposed the council and its goals? Refuse loans, boycott businesses, raise taxes
How did the Jackson, Mississippi police react to the protests by students? Attacked the students with dogs, gunfire, beatings, and high pressure water hoses
What was the effect of the assassination of Medgar Evers? President Kennedy and other leaders publicly condemned the murder but an all-white jury found the killer innocent
What types of people came from the north during Freedom Summer? Black and white college students who were the children of teachers, professors, engineers
What activities did these northerners plan to do in order to “open up” Mississippi? Register people to vote, open Freedom Schools, do research
What was the significance of the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson? Legalized “separate but equal” laws which aimed at separating the races
What was the effect of the decision in Brown v. Board of Education? All schools had to be desegregated
What was the effect of the protest by the Little Rock Nine? State was forced to desegregate and obey Federal law
Before her arrest, what did Rosa Parks do every day to resist segregation? Refused to use segregated drinking fountains or segregated elevators
Who were the sources of Martin Luther King Jr.’s beliefs in nonviolent resistance? Jesus, Thoreau, Randolph, Gandhi
Which two groups were the most important in organizing resistance to segregation? Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, National Association of Colored People
What was the effect of the white mob’s violence against the second bus of Freedom Riders in 1961? Newspapers everywhere denounced the beatings and the Federal government banned segregation in all interstate travel areas
Between May 2-3, 1963, what happened during the “Children’s Crusades”? Police used high-pressure fire hoses, attack dogs, and clubs on children
Which American presidents were directly involved in ending segregation? Kennedy, Johnson
When did the March on Washington and Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have A Dream” speech occur? August 28, 1963
During the Democratic National Convention, what was the effect of Fannie Lou Hamer’s speech? Public urged the DNC to support the Mississippie Freedom Democratic Party delegates
What was the immediate effect of the Voting Rights Act of 1965? Removed literacy tests, percentage of African American voters in South tripled
Created by: mrscindytong