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USH Cold War Vocab

Vocabulary for US History

TermDefinition
Baby Boom Any period of time where there was a large increase in the birthrate of a country; the most popular one being the Baby boom following WWII.
Consumerism A social and economic order and ideology that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts.
Nuclear Family Nuclear families typically center on a married couple and may have any number of children.
Space Race The 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for supremacy in spaceflight capability.
Blacklist A list of persons under suspicion, disfavor, censure, etc.
Interstate Highway Act A law that authorized the construction of a 41,000-mile network of interstate highways that would span the nation.
Mutually Assured Destruction A doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender.
Brinkmanship The practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict.
Iron Curtain The boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
NATO An intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European states based on the North Atlantic Treaty
Warsaw Pact A collective defense treaty among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
Eisenhower Doctrine Under the Eisenhower Doctrine, a Middle Eastern country could request American economic assistance or aid from U.S. military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression.
Truman Doctrine The Truman Doctrine implied American support for other nations threatened by Soviet communism.
Arms Race The competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons
38th Parallel Technically is a Latitudinal line that we use for navigation but in this case is the latitudinal line that the Northern/Southern Korea border follows.
Limited War A war in which the weapons used, the nations or territory involved, or the objectives pursued are restricted in some way. Most of the time is only having to do with wars without nuclear attacks.
Marshall Plan American decision to aid Western Europe, where the United States gave over $13 billion to help rebuild western Europe and their economies after WWII ended.
Cold War A political war between the Soviet Union and the US
Satelite State Political term that refers to a country or nation that was formally independent, but is now politically and economically influenced by another country.
ICBM Guided long range ballistic missile primarily meant to carry nuclear warheads.
Created by: 1339221569464825