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History Test Review
|What are the 6 causes of the Great Depression?
|- Buying on Margins/Stocks - Buying on credit - Over production and expansion - Economy was dependent on a few primary products - Strong dependence with the USA - High Tariffs (taxes)
|Who were the Prime Ministers during the Great Depression?
|First King, then Bennett, and then back to King.
|How did the Prime Ministers of the Great Depression try to fix the economy?
|King was in charge at the beginning, but Bennett's relief camp idea got him into power. The relief camps didn't work so Bennett came up with a new plan. Since his other idea failed, they didn't want to make the same mistake so they voted for King instead.
|Why didn't the Relief Camps work?
|Conditions were terrible. Men worked 40 hours a week while only receiving 20 cents a day. The camps were often very dirty and overcrowded.
|What was the 'on-to-Ottawa Trek'?
|Relief camp workers had some demands for the government so a bunch of men boarded a train to get to Ottawa and complain. The train was so full that people were hanging off the side and sitting on the roof of the train.
|What were the 4 stages of genocide?
|- Stripping of Rights (the night of broken glass) - Isolation (establishment of the ghettos) - Concentration (establishment of the concentration camps) - Extermination (creation of death camps)
|What were the 4 causes of WW2
|- Treaty of Versailles - Policy of Appeasement - Failure of the League of Nations - Rise of Nazism
|What happened in the battle of Dieppe?
|Canadians raided Dieppe and lost very badly. There was many casualties, for the German attacks were very strong. We were forced to surrender.
|What was good came from the Dieppe Raid?
|Even though we lost the Dieppe Raid we learned a lot from the mistakes we made and the battle also caused for much needed improvements. And our efforts also reminded France that we had not forgotten about them.
|What happened on D-day?
|On D-day we attacked western Europe and fought hard in harsh weather. We won and Paris was liberated. Canadians took the shoreline position on the first day, but also suffered the most casualties.
|What happened in the Defence of Hong Kong?
|Canadians went to Hong Kong to help defend it from Japanese attacks. Canadians were inexperienced and exhausted. They had no choice but to surrender. The only benefit was that we showed Britain that we would fight where they asked us to fight.
|What were the Canadian battles in WW2 (in order)
|1. Defence of Hong Kong 2. Dieppe Raid 3. Italian Campaign 4. D-Day 5. Prisoners of War 6. Battle of the Atlantic 7. The Merchant Navy
|What was the "Winter Hunger"?
|In the Netherlands, the Dutch were very cold and given very small rations. They ate tulip buds for food.
|How did the Dutch react to the Canadian Liberators?
|When Canadians came through the town riding their tanks, the Dutch cheered and shouting for joy because the Canadians Liberated them.
|Is there evidence that the Canadians and the Dutch have a strong relationship today?
|Every year the Dutch send a lot of tulips to Canada to continually show their appreciation.
|How do the battle of Dieppe and D-day relate?
|If we didn't learn the lesson from the Dieppe Raid, we probably wouldn't have done so well at D-day.
|What are the pro's and con's of not using the atomic bomb at all?
|Pro's: No land destroyed, no casualties. Con's: Makes them look weak to the Soviet Union, won't know exact affects, resources wasted on a bomb not used.
|What are the pro's and con's of using the atomic bomb on a deserted island?
|Pro's: No casualties, destroying unused land, Japanese could see the test and surrender. Con's: Ocean's could be affected, alert Japanese of possible attack causing them to fight back.
|What are the pro's and con's of using the atomic bomb on Hiroshima (Japan)?
|Pro's: The Japanese surrender Con's: Many casualties, destroying usable land, promotes further tension and hate between the countries
|What was the Canadian government's reaction to Japan joining the enemies side?
|Canada made Japanese internment camps to because they feared that some of the Japanese-Canadians might be spies.