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8th Grade SS

Staar questions from the 8th Grade Social Studies STAAR

QuestionAnswer
What was a defining event that occurred in 1877? Reconstruction ended.
The Declaration of independence was signed- during the Revolutionary War.
What is significant about the year 1607? The colony of Jamestown was founded.
Why was Rhode Island founded? For religious freedom.
The idea of representative government grew during the colonial period because - colonists had grown used to governing themselves and wanted to continue the practice.
The Virginia House of Burgesses was important to the growth of representative government because it - was the foundation for self- government.
One reason the Mayflower Compact was written was to establish- laws for the good of the colony.
The British Parliament developed many laws that caused the Revolutionary War. Why did the Quartering Act of 1765 anger colonists? Under this act, the colonists were ordered to provide food and shelter for the British troops.
"It is not in numbers, but in unity that our great strength lies; yet our present numbers are sufficient to repel the force of all the world." What was Thomas Paine trying to communicate in the text above? The colonists needed to come together to oppose Britain.
What is an important contribution Benjamin Franklin made to the American Revolution? He secured military and financial support from France.
What was the result of the Battles of Saratoga during the American Revolution? France now openly supported America
What was a major argument against ratification of the Articles of Confederation? Larger states would become too powerful if they were to take ownership of western land.
The Stamp Act of 1765 imposed taxes on every piece of printed paper, and American colonists had to have a stamp receipt proving that the tax was paid. The tax was a result of - British wars with France and Spain
Opposing views of the power of the government over the states led to - The creation of the two- party political system
Two of the first politically opposed parties in America were the- Federalists and Democratic- Republicans
True or false - The War of 1812 was caused by British attempts to use tariffs on colonial trade to raise money. False
What impact did the Monroe Doctrine have on foreign relations? It said that European attempts to control parts of North or South America would be seen as hostile.
George Washington's Farewell Address encouraged the nation to- avoid permanent foreign alliances
- Known as a self-made man. - Lead his troops to victory at the Battle of New Orleans. - Campaigned against, and succeeded in closing the Second Bank of the United States. Which U.S. President is described above? Andrew Jackson
As president, Andrew Jackson opened up government to more ordinary citizens by supporting - the spoils system, which appointed many officials with his supporters. Also known as the patronage system.
President Andrew Jackson's policy towards Native Americans primarily consisted of - relocation of Native Americans to land west of the Mississippi River.
The migration of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia to land west of the Mississippi River is known as - the Trail of Tears
True or False - The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 required an individual territory needed at least 60,000 people to become a state. True
True or False - The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 says that any territory northwest of the Rocky Mountains could apply for statehood. False
True or False - The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 stated that slavery was not allowed in states created in the Northwest Territory. True
True or False - The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 stated that all new states created in the Northwest Territory would be equal to the original states. True
- Expansion of the United States was recognized as success decreed by God. - It was up to Americans to spread freedom and democracy across the land. Above is an explanation for the term - Manifest Destiny
Which war supported the Manifest Destiny philosophy of the United States? The Mexican War
Belief in the idea of Manifest Destiny is one reason that - the United States went to war with Mexico.
Why did the Northern states disagree with the Mexican Cession? The new states would take on anti-abolitionist views (be against slavery).
The closure of American shipping ports in New Orleans led to what event? Louisiana Purchase
In response to the tariffs of 1828 and 1932, South Carolina adopted an ordinance of nullification. The idea of nullification was put forth by - John C. Calhoun
What did the tariff law of do? cut tariffs significantly.
Which groups would have been the most angry about the election of Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860? Southern slave owners
Northern acceptance of free blacks and an industrial economy resulted in - an economic advantage.
Slavery was different in various sections of the United States. In the South, many slaves looked for escape routes that led to - the North or Canada.
The goal of the Kansas- Nebraska Act passed by Congress in 1854 was to - organize territory west of Missouri and Iowa.
Why were the Union victories in the West important to General Ulysses S. Grant? The victories resulted in his promotion to General in Chief of all the Union armies.
Which leader played a key role in the Civil War but never became president? General Robert E. Lee
- He was 16th president of the United States. - He was a Whig member of Congress representing Illinois. -He opposed slavery but didn't want to force his ideas on the state. Who does the information above describe? Abraham Lincoln
Who was Robert E. Lee? general in the Confederate Army.
The Battle of Gettysburg was important in the Civil war because it - was a turning point in the war.
What is significant about Appomattox Courthouse? It is where Lee surrendered to Grant, ending the Civil War.
What effect did the Emancipation Proclamation have on the institution of slavery? It freed slaves in the Confederate states of America.
In the 18th century, the majority of American settlements were established in- the South and the North
How are the Northeast region and the Great Plains region different? The Northeast has a far greater population than the Great Plains.
Which rivers were most important during the earliest days of the colonies? The Delaware and Hudson Rivers
"Settlers cut down trees to build homes and to farm; this practice often resulted in over cutting of trees and poor farming practices." The following is a descriptive characteristic of what in the 18th and 19th centuries? American Settlements
How did the physical characteristics of the land in the North influence the economic activities of the settlers who colonized there? The land in the North experienced long, cold winters, leading the settlers to create a mixed economy: farming, fishing, and trading.
This man converted to the Quaker faith, and his Pennsylvania Colony was founded on the principles of religious freedom and fairness with the American Indians. William Penn
Colonists teaching Native Americans how to fish is NOT and example of what in the early history of the United States? Cultural diffusion
During the 17th and 18th centuries, why was the English influence on American culture more dominant than the Spanish or French influence? The number of English colonies outnumbered Spanish and French colonies.
"As in the war, freedom was the keynote of victory, so now is universal suffrage the keynote of Reconstruction" - Elizabeth Cady Stanton According to the statement, what belief would the speaker most likely have? Women should have the right to vote
What was the outcome of the Dred Scott Decision? All blacks, free or not, where not citizens of the United States.
During the 1800s, how did the temperance movement impact the lives of Americans? It brought to light the negative social effects drinking had on a family and community.
In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin to publicize the cruelties of slavery. What effect did Uncle Tom's Cabin have on the nation's views of slavery? It helped convince Northerners and some Southerns that slavery was morally wrong.
Why is the Magna Carta important to American government? It contained ideas such as the right to a speedy trial and the right to due process of law, both of which are rights granted under the Bill of Rights.
What was the purpose of the Federalist Papers? To defend the form of government established in the Constitution
Under the Articles of Confederation, what was the reason the government was considered weak? The national government could not issue taxes; it had to ask for money from the states which could deny the request.
When writing about the colonies wished to be free from British rule, Thomas Jefferson cited several reasons. Which U.S. document protects citizens against some of these grievances? The Bill of Rights
If the 13th Amendment abolished slavery, why was the 14th Amendment necessary? Under the 14th Amendment, no citizen could be deprived of life, liberty, or the pursuit of happiness.
The primary purpose of the 15th Amendment (1870) was to - grant 21- year- old African- American males the right to vote.
Alexander Hamilton, a Federalist, supported ratification of the U.S. Constitution mainly because he thought it- divided power between a central government and regional governments
Those who argued for states' rights in the late 1820s and early 1830s were concerned about what three things? Slavery, a strong central government and the right to refuse to obey any federal law.
John C. Calhoun, the nation's vice president, put forth the idea of nullification to- defuse talk of secession in South Carolina.
What is nullification? a doctrine upholding the rights of a state to declare null and void an act of the federal government.
What is significant about Supreme Court decision? The Supreme Court can rule judiciary acts unconstitutional.
In Maubury v. Madison (1803) the U.S. Supreme Court established the principle of judicial review and confirmed the Supreme Court's power to declare legislative acts unconstitutional.
Which Supreme Court justice dismissed the suit of Marbury v. Madison in 1803, citing that part of the 1789 Judiciary Act was unconstitutional and that the constitution did not give the Court jurisdiction to issue the requested writ of mandamus? Chief Justice John Marshall
What was the major effect of the 1857 Dred Scott v. Sandford decision? The Missouri Compromise was declared unconstitutional.
The concept of unalienable rights states that these rights are granted by God, and the government cannot revoke them.
-Life, liberty, and property. - The rights of states and the people. - Protection from the forced quartering of soldiers. All of these are protected in which document? The Constitution - Bill of Rights
Created by: MrsRomero