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Port of Chicago

history on the disaster

What was the date of the Port Chicago Naval Munitions base disaster? The date of the disaster was July 17, 1944.
How many men were killed and how many of the men were injured on the base? 320 men were killed and 390 men were injured on the base.
What were the names of the two transport ships that were destroyed in the explosion? The E.A. Bryan and the Quinault Victory.
What rained down upon the community, damaging over 300 structures and injuring over 100 people? Flaming metal weighing hundreds of pounds and un-detonated bombs.
The Port Chicago explosion was as large as... A 5-kiloton bomb.
Of the 320 men who lost their lives on the base, how many of them were black? 202 of them were black.
Of the additional 390 men injured, how many of them were black? 233 of them were black.
Since the Navy didn't allow blacks in combat at that time what did the Port Chicago black seamen do? They were assigned to load the ammunition and explosives on the transport ships at port.
The equipment the black seamen were given was in what kind of condition? In a poor working condition.
White officers were wagering what? They were wagering whose divisions could load the most ammunition in the least amount of time.
What were most of the men afraid of? The possibility of an explosion when they first learned of their new job descriptions.
In the summer of what year, was the United States engaged in the historically brutal battle in the Philippines. In the summer of 1944.
The E.A. Bryan docked at Port Chicago on what date? July 13, 1944.
When did the Naval personnel begin their job of loading the ship's hold with ammunition? On July 13, 1944 at 8:00 a.m.
When did the Navel personnel finish their job of loading the ship's hold with ammunition? By July 17 at 10:00 p.m.
What happened minutes after 10:30 p.m.? The entire pier area erupted.
What did the second blast destroy? The entire E.A. Bryan, and lifted the Quinalult Victory completely out of the water.
How many men were killed instantly? Every man working on the pier and on the two ships was killed instantly.
What was the fate of many? Burns, broken bones and blindness.
What happened in the days after the disaster? The Naval Court of Inquiry organized to try to determine its cause.
Whose testimonies did the Court hear? Weapon experts, eyewitnesses of the explosion, survivors of the accident and other base personnel.
Of everyone interviewed, how many were black? 5 were black.
Who did the blame of the explosion fall on? The black enlisted men who lost their lives in the explosion.
Did the Court ever establish what caused the terrible tragedy? No the Court never established the exact cause of the tragedy.
What were the black seamen not offered? Counseling to deal with their stress and survivors' leave.
Were the hospitalized with injuries granted any medical leave? No the hospitalized were ordered to return back to work.
What happened on August 9? On August 9, over 300 men were ordered to return back to work on the loading pier of the Mare Island Naval facility.
When ordered to return back to work, most of the men refused because? Most of the men refused because of their lack of training, similarly poor equipment as was used at Port Chicago, and because of the clear possibility of another explosion.
After the disagreement to go back to work, how many men were arrested? Over 250 men were arrested.
How many days were the men jailed in a barge connected to the pier? The men were jailed for 3 days.
When given another opportunity to return to work, how many unwillingly agreed but were thrown in jail instead. About 200.
What happened to the 50 remaining black enlisted men who still refused to load weapons under unsafe conditions? They were brought up on charges of rebellion.
What was the date of the trial? September, 1944
On October 24, 1944, after less than 2 minutes of deliberation for each black seaman accused, how many were found guilty by the specially organized military court? All 50 men were found guilty of defiance as charged. 1/5th were sentenced to 15 years in prison. Almost half were sentenced to 12 years. Another fifth were sentenced to 10 years, and the remaining 5 men to eight years.
Who took on the case on behalf of the NAACP, appealing the men's cause to the highest government officials? Thurgood Marshall.
Marshall's public and legal campaign failed to overturn the convictions of the black naval enlisted men, but what happened when the war ended a year later? The President agreed to release the men.
The tragic explosion at Port Chicago accounted for what percentage of deaths suffered by blacks? 15%
What was the aftermath of the disaster? It caused millions of dollars in damage, over 300 deaths and 500 injuries.
Created by: mookers