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Chapter 8 Vocab Quiz

Pre-AP World History

TermDefinition
Mongols Nomad group originally from Asian steppes: Formed the largest land-based empire.
Steppes High plateaus of Asia, dry grasslands.
Yurts Mongols portable shelters.
Temujin/Genghis Khan First leader of the unified Mongol people in 1206.
Karakorum Capital of the Mongols.
Mangonel and Trebuchet Catapult weapons used for siege warfare.
Turks Cultural group of nomads which splintered into many groups such as the Seljuk and Ottomans.
Kublai Khan A grandson of Genghis Khan who conquered China 1276 and set up the Yuan Dynasty.
Khanate Term for Mongol empire.
Timur/Tamerlane Turkish descent of Genghis Khan who rose to power in the Khanate of Jagadai and conquered a large area of central Asia between North India and Moscow.
The Secret History Of The Mongols Primary source of Mongol history written by a Mongol who may have been close to Genghis Khan.
Pax Mongolia Time period of peace and prosperity under Mongol rule.
Black Death Pandemic disease which originated in East Asia and spread to Europe during the Middle Ages.
Ghazan Il-Khan ruler who eased tensions between the Mongols and Muslims by converting to Islam in 1295.
Osman Founded the Ottoman Turks in 1299.
Istanbul Former Constantinople re-named after capture by the Ottoman Turks.
Alexander Nevskii Russian prince of Novgorod who accepted a tributary relationship with the Mongols.
Khanate Of The Golden Horde Mongol Khanate which took over parts of Russia.
Teutonic Knights Militant crusading order of Christian soldiers who fought against Muslim Turks during the Crusades.
Moscow and Novgorod Russian principalities which benefited from trade with the Mongols.
Khanbalik Capital of the Yuan Dynasty, previously Beijing, meant city of the Khan.
Yuan Dynasty Mongol dynasty in China set up by Kublai Khan in 1279.
Kamikaze Typhoon, or divine winds, which protected Japan from Mongol invasion.
Chabi Kublai Khan's favorite wife, whose death may have caused the decline of his reign.
Marco Polo Merchant from Italy who traveled to Kublai Khan's court and kept detailed journals which serve as primary sources.
Ju Yuanzhang/Hongwu Peasant who lead a rebellion against the Mongols and founded the Ming Dynasty in 1368.
Ming Dynasty Brilliant dynasty formed the the Chinese after the collapse of the Mongol ruled Yuan.
Nanjing Capital of the Ming Dynasty.
Mandarins Emissaries to the Ming emperor who monitored the local officials and made sure they were governing in accordance with the Ming.
Eunuchs Castrated male servants in the Ming court. Most famous was Zheng He.
Warring States Period 403-221 B.C.E.. Turbulent time between Zhou and Qin.
Era of Division Turbulent time between Han and Sui marked by civil war and disunity. 6 weak dynasties fighting for Mandate of Heaven.
Sui Dynasty First politically centralized dynasty following fall of Han and era of Division.
Li Yuan First Tang emperor in 618 C.E..
Tang Dynasty Politically centralized, medieval dynasty after the collapse of Sui. Capital at Chang'an.
Chang'an Capital of Sui, Han, and Tang dynasties.
Tang Taizong Tang ruler known for expansion.
Scholar Gentry Educated, upper-class elite who work for Chinese government.
Tributary System China forced less powerful kingdoms into a subservient relationship.
Kowtow Ceremonial ritual that tributary delegations had to preform while presenting tribute to the Chinese emperor.
Equal-Field System Land re-distribution system began by the Tang to limit the power of aristocrats.
Grand Canal 1,100 mile man made canal that linked the Yangtze and Huang He for trade and transportation.
Li Bo Tang poet whose writing reflected free spirit and love for nature.
Du Fu Tang poet whose writings reflected social justice.
Chan/Zen Buddhism sect developed in East Asia with a strong emphasis on meditation.
Uighurs Nomadic Turkish people, helped the Tang emperor put down rebellions in 750's, attacked and stole from Chang'an.
Song Dynasty Politically centralized, powerful medieval Chinese dynasty following collapse of Tang.
Khitan Pastoral nomads who set up the Liao Empire in China's northern frontier.
Minyak Pastoral nomads who set up the Xi Xia Empire in China's western lands.
Jurchen Northern nomadic group who forced the Song into a reverse tributary system.
Kaifeng Original capital of the Song, given up after Jurchen invasion.
Mencius Confucian contemporary scholar who combined Buddhism and Confucianism.
Wu Zhao Female Tang emperor, claimed to be a reincarnation of Buddha.
Li Qingzhao Song dynasty female poet.
The Three Kingdoms Three political organizations of early Korea, the Silla, Koryo, and Paekche.
Silla Dynasty First politically unified Korean Dynasty.
Koryo Dynasty Second politically unified Korean Dynasty.
Celadon Green-glazed porcelain. became a highly valued art form in Korea.
Viets Early agricultural settlers in the Red River delta of modern Vietnam.
Shintoism Japanese indigenous religion based on Kami.
Kami Polytheistic Shinto gods and goddesses.
Fujiwara Family Medieval Shogunate family who ruled Japan during the Heian Era.
Nara and Kyoto Capitals of Japan during the Heian Era, ruled by the Fujiwara Shogunate.
Heian Era Rule of Fujiwara Shogunate in Japan.
The Tale of Gengi Novel written by Murasaki Shikibu, fictional, lossely based around the Fujiwara family.
Minamoto Family Second medieval Shogunate family who ruled after the collapse of the Fujiwara.
Shogun Supreme military leader, held most of the semi-centralized political authority.
Bakufu Military government run by a Shogun, emperor has no real political value.
Samurai Japanese warriors who protected the daimyo, and owed loyalty to the shogun.
Todaji Temple Buddhist temple built near Nara, largest wooden building in history.
Bushido Code Code of conduct followed by Japanese samurai, involved piety, respect, and ritual suicide.
Seppuku Ritual suicide preformed by a samurai warrior who broke the Code of Bushido to atone for his sins and restore his family's honor.
Created by: Ujala513
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