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Social Studies Test:

Progress report test: 4/27/17

QuestionAnswer
“Bleeding Kansas” - 1855
Dred Scott V Sanford - 1857
Election of 1860- 1860
Attack on Fort Sumter – April 1861
First Battle of Bull Run – July 1861
Battle of Shiloh – April 1862
Antietam – September 1862
Emancipation Proclamation – January 1, 1863
Battle of Gettysburg – July 1863
Battle of Vicksburg – May, 1863
Gettysburg Address – November 1863
Sherman’s March to the Sea – November 1864
Compromise of 1850 – Harsher Fugitive Slave Law, California admitted as a free state, sale of slaves is banned in Washington DC, Popular Sovereignty applied to territories of the Mexican Cession
Know the locations of the following states – California, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland
Know the locations of the following states – California, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland
Know the locations of the following states – California, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland
Know the locations of the following states – California, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland
Know the locations of the following states – California, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland
Know the locations of the following states – California, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland
Dred Scott V Sanford – gave popular sovereignty around the issue of slavery therefore Congress had no control over where slavery spread
Republican party – Wanted to permit slavery in the South but prevent its expansion into new territories
John Brown – Led attack on Harper’s Ferry, tried to lead a slave rebellion, was captured and hung
Nat Turner – Slave who led a revolt
Stephen Douglas - debated Lincoln in the Illinois Senate race in 1858; Douglas won the election
Immediately after the election of 1860 South Carolina seceded from the Union.
States that seceded prior to the Civil War – Virginia, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, Florida
Border States – Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, Delaware, West Virginia
Attack on Fort Sumter – Started the Civil War; Confederates fired on the Federal Fort in Charleston, S.C.
Economic difference between the North and South – Southern economy was built on agriculture, Northern economy was built on manufacturing
Immediately after the Election of 1860, even before Lincoln was inaugurated, South Carolina seceded
Union advantages – more factories, more railroads, stronger navy
Confederate advantages – better Generals; more motivation, knowledge of the terrain
Union Generals – George Meade, Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman
Union states – Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts
Confederate Generals – Robert E. Lee, “Stonewall” Jackson, P.G.T. Beauregard
Confederate states – South Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, Florida, Virginia
Union strategy at the beginning of the war – To capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia and to use the Anaconda Plan to divide the Confederacy and blockade her ports
Key Confederate victories – Fredericksburg, Fort Sumter, Chancellorsville, Battle of Bull Run
Ulysses S. Grant – Commander of the Union Army
Robert E. Lee – Graduated from US Military Academy, Commander of the Confederate Army, surrendered at Appomattox Court House
Abraham Lincoln – President of the United States
Jefferson Davis – President of the Confederacy
William Tecumseh Sherman – March to the Sea, marched through Georgia waging Total War (destroying everything that could contribute to the enemy)
Battle of Antietam – bloodiest one day of battle in US history, no side gained any ground, after this battle the USA gave the Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation – freed slaves in states that were in rebellion against the USA
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson – key General for the Confederacy, lost his arm at Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg – turning point of the war, fought in Pennsylvania
Appomattox Court House – Location in Virginia where Lee surrendered to Grant
Clara Barton – Angel of the Battlefield, established the American Red Cross
Battle of Vicksburg – battle in Mississippi that gave the Union control of the Mississippi River
William Carney – African American who fought in 54th Massachusetts and earned the Congressional Medal of Honor for his participation in the battle of Fort Wagner
As the war progressed Lincoln changed his ideas about the reasons for the outbreak of the war.
The impact of the Civil War was more destructive in the South than the North because most major battles took place in the South.
Reconstruction – from 1865-1877, process of rebuilding the South, ended with the Election of 1876
Freedmen’s Bureau – opened new schools, provided food and clothing, helped reunite families
Andrew Johnson – was impeached for unlawfully removing a cabinet official from office
Panic of 1873 – nationwide economic panic that resulted in Northerners losing interest in the South and Reconstruction
Compromise of 1877 – Reconstruction was brought to an end in the South by the compromise that helped Rutherford Hayes win the Presidency
Created by: DBZ