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50s and 60s.

QuestionAnswer
What is the term in U.S. history that refers to the nations that opposed Nazi Germany, Italy, and Japan, during WWII? Allies.
What detainment centers, held approximately 110,000 Japanese aliens and American citizens of Japanese origin during WWII? Internment Camps.
What was the wartime conference (April 1945) held in occupied Germany where Allied leaders divided Germany and Berlin into four occupation zones, agreed to try Nazi leaders as war criminals, and planned the exacting of reparations from Germany? Postdam Conference.
Which international organization, founded in 1945, sought to promote discussion and negotiation and thereby avoid war, and was joined by nearly all nations? United Nations (UN).
What was the U.S. effort to deliver supplies including 2 million tons of food and coal by air to West Berlin in 1948-1949? Berlin Airlift.
Which 1949 program was for expanding economic opportunity and civil rights? Fair Deal.
What was the proposal, propounded in 1947 by Secretary of State George Marshall, to use American aid to rebuild the war-torn economies of European nations? Marshall Plan.
Which event includes the “New Look” military policy of the Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secretary of state John Foster Dulles relying on nuclear weapons inhibit communist aggression during the 1950's? Massive Retaliation.
What term was popularized by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in his 1961 farewell address, for the concert of interests among the U.S. military and its chief corporate contractors? Military-Industrial Complex.
What was President John F. Kennedy’s term for a revitalized nation agenda, particularly in relation to foreign policy and space exploration? New Frontier.
What military mutual-defense pact. was formed in 1948, along with the Soviet Union countered with the formation of the Warsaw Pact among communist regimes in Eastern Europe? North Atlantic Treat Organization (NATO),
What secret policy statement, proposed by the National Security Statement, called for a large, ongoing military commitment to contain Soviet communism; it was accepted by President Harry Truman after the North Korean invasion of South Korea? NSC-68.
Which civil rights organization was founded in 1957 by Martin Luther King Jr. and his followers, that espoused Christian nonviolence but organized mass protests to challenge segregation and discrimination? Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
Which 1947 federal law ended up outlawing the closed shop and secondary boycotts and obliged union leaders to sign affidavits declaring that they were not communists? Taft-Hartley Act.
Which foreign policy, articulated by President Harry Truman in 1947, provided financial aid to Greek and Turkish governments then under threat by communists rebels? Truman Doctrine.
What is the event called on June 6, 1944, the day Allied troops crossed the English Channel, landed on the coast of Normandy, and opened a second front in Western Europe during WWII? D-Day.
Which 1954 Supreme Court decision that held that racially segregated education, which prevailed in much of the South, was unconstitutional? Brown vs. Board of Education.
A regulated allocation of resources among possible users, resources being saved and shared during World War II (WWII)? Rations / Rationing.
What was the material and services supplied by the U.S. to its allies during World War II under an act of Congress, passed in 1941: such aid was to be repaid in kind after the war, called? Lend-Lease.
Who did the Allies include? Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the U.S., and China.
Who were the Axis Powers? Nazi Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Where were the Internment Camps mostly located during WWII? Western States.
What was the Berlin Airlift a response to? Soviet blockade of the city.
Who's program was the Fair Deal? President Harry Truman.
What does the D stand for in "D-Day" "Disembarkation"--to leave a ship and go ashore.
What ruling overturned the doctrine of "separate but equal" that had provided the legal justification for racial segregation ever since the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision? Brown vs. Board of Education ruling.
Who adopted the Marshall Plan in 1948 as the European Recovery Program? Congress.
What plan pumped some $13 billion into Europe during the next five years? The Marshall Plan, also known as, the European Recovery Program.
Who was the North Atlantic Treat Organization (NATO) formed by? The United States, Canada, and ten European nations, including Great Britain, France, and West Germany.
Who was the NSC in 1950 ? National Security Council.
Who played a major role in support of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights of 1965? Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
Created by: Crystal Lair
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