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Acute responses to exercise

Ventilation The amount of air breathed in and out per minute.
Diffusion The movement of oxygen and carbon dioxide to an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
Cardiac Output The amount of blood pumped out of the left ventricle per minute
Blood Pressure The amount of pressure exerted on the arteries when the ventricles contract (systolic) and relax (diastolic)
Venous Return The amount of blood that is returned back to the heart via the veins
Blood Volume The amount of volume of blood
Redistribution of blood flow The redirection of blood away from areas where it is not needed (e.g. spleen, kidneys) to areas where it is (e.g. working muscles)
Oxygen Consumption The volume of oxygen that can be taken up and used by the body
Increased blood flow to working muscles The amount of blood that is delivered to the working muscles
Motor Unit recruitment A motor neuron and the muscle fibres it stimulated
Energy Substrates The chemicals that are required to resynthesis ATP i.e. PC, glycogen, triglycerides
Lactate A biproduct of anaerobic glycolysis
Body Temperature A change in the internal temperature of the body
Created by: breakennelly