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Coaching Class

Test 4

TermDefinition
Physical Fitness the ability to meet the physical demands of the sport
Physical Training a disciplined routine of specialized procedures or steps
Benefits of Training better performance, less fatigue, quicker recovery, less muscle soreness, less risk of injury, self-confidence booster
2 Types of Energy Fitness Anaerobic and Aerobic
Anaerobic System immediate movement
Aerobic System longer duration
ability of muscles to meet the demands of the sport with optimal strength, endurance, speed and power, and flexibility Muscular Fitness
Muscular Strength the maximum amount of force that muscle can generate in a single effort
the ability of muscle to repeatedly contract or sustain a continuous contraction involving less the maximum effort Muscle Endurance
Muscular Force the ability to exert strength quickly
Flexibility range of motion the body's joints and muscles can move
ability to maintain a steady equilibrium in a steady position Static Balance
Dynamic Balance ability to maintain steady equilibrium when moving
Agility ability to start and stop, change speed and direction quickly and with precision
6 Coaches Roles in Training be knowledgeable about the sport and training, know the physical demands of practice and games, manage the fitness of your athletes, design training programs, educate your athletes, oversee the program
4 Reasons to Assess Fitness of Your Players identify individuals differences, helps predict performance potential, you can track gains and losses
Components of Physical Evaluations body comp., energy fitness, muscular strength
6 Decisions to Design a Physical Training Program choice of exercise, order of exercise, intensity of exercise, volume of exercise, frequency of training, and length of rest period
4 Phases of Annual testing Cycle offseason, preseason, during season, and postseason
8 Training Principles specificity principle, overload, progression, diminishing return, variation, reversibility, individual differences, moderation
train don't strain Moderation Principle
chemical process that fuels the body cells Metabolism
Glycolysis process of breaking down glycogen to glucose
Lactic Acid blood lactate
Muscle Fiber Types slow twitch, fast twitch, fastest twitch
controlled by autonomic nervous system whose command center is in the brain's hypothalamus Heart Rate
Types of Training sport specific, slow long distance, pace training, interval training, fartlek training
is about moving from point A to point B quickly, consists of reaction time and movement time Speed
Reaction Time time from when a stimulus signals the athlete to move to the beginning of the movement
time from when the movement begins to its completion Movement Time
Power strength and speed combined, sometimes called speed strength......force produced quickly
2 Types of Muscle Mechanics concentric and eccentric action
Concentric Action muscle shortening
muscle expanding Eccentric Action
Actin contractile proteins in muscle fibers
push pull fibers Myosin
Motor Unit the nerve and the fibers it controls
6 Basic Nutrients carbs, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water
Coaches Roles in Healthy Food Choices educate, encourage, involve parents, special help, and role model
7 Rules for Eating Right eat a variety of foods, eat a whole grain diet, eat a diet moderate in fat, eat a diet moderate in sugar, eat a low sodium and salt diet, drinks lots of fluids, and avoid alcohol
protein are building blocks for muscle and bones only, protein can not be stored in the body, and to much protein can lead to health problems Protein Problems
Fat called triglycerides
do not provide energy to muscles or body but are catalysts Vitamins
Creatine safe for preventing injuries, quickest and safest method to increase body mass, no other additives, various forms
3 Keys to Weight Loss reduce calories consumed, increase calories burned, eat athletes diet - low fat, sodium, and carbs
Eating Disorders anorexia and bulimia
Bulimia uncontrollable desire to eat
distorted body image, intense fear of gaining weight, refusal to maintain normal weight Anorexia
Doping when you use an illegal substance to gain an unfair advantage
Illicit Drugs alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, depressants, hallucinogens, inhalants, narcotics, painkillers, and tobacco
Performance Enhancing Drugs (PED) HGH, steroids, blood doping - increase oxygen flow to the heart and/or muscles for better performance
alcohol, tobacco, marijuana Gateway Drugs
Signs of Drug Use physical, emotional, family, and school problems
Created by: qcannoy211