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US History Unit 8

Between Wars: The 1920's and 1930's

TermDefinition
isolationism staying out of foreign affairs
Emergency Quota System limit the number of undesirable immigrants
Red Scare Sacco and Vanzetti-immigrants tried and executed because of fear of immigrant anarchists
The Volstead Act and 18th Amendment prohibition-banned the making, selling or transportation of alcohol in the US
Flappers (in the 1920s) a fashionable young woman intent on enjoying herself and flouting conventional standards of behavior.
The Harlem Renaissance African American culture in NYC, literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture-rebirth of Harlem
Langston Hughes poet during the Harlem Renaissance
Louis Armstrong jazz trumpet playerduring the Harlem Renaissance
Causes of the Great Depression -trouble industry(steel, RR, coal, farmer etc) -weak economy -bank structures-bad bank policy -credit consumers-buy less on credit -overproduction-workers not needed -distribution of wealth-rich get richer -lack of government policy
Stock Market Crash Why-speculation(buying risky stocks), buying on margin(small down payments, pay the rest later) Black Tuesday-bottom falls out -People run to banks to withdraw their $
Hoovervilles -a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s. -difficult life for many-25% unemployed
Hoover's Policy Hands Off -believed it was the private sectors job to end the depression -limited role of the government-asked business and labor to get along, no strikes or layoffs -construction of the Hoover Dam -Reconstruction Finance Corporation
lassiez-faire a policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering.
Roosevelt's Policy Hands On -believed the government should do more
New Deal programs designed to alleviate the problems of the Great Depression -100 days, 15 pieces of new legislation
Fireside chats one of a series of radio broadcasts made by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to the nation, beginning in 1933.
Second New Deal to make adjustments and improvements to the 1st New Deal
Works Progress Administration(WPA) create as many jobs as possible(build airports, fix roads)
National Youth Administration(NYA) education for youths
Social Security Act $ for old age people (65)
Tennessee Valley Authority(TVA) bring power to the area, protect against floods
Court Packing in order to ensure that his programs are not overturned, under judicial review; FDR seeks to add justices to the Supreme court, from 9 to 15 justices
Impact of the New Deal Similar to the Progressive Movement-government takes a more active role in social welfare of American People -programs still around today:Social Security, F.D.I.C., Securities and Exchange on Wall Street
Created by: Mrs.Ingerick