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Chapter 6 Review

Review vocab and key concepts from Chapter 6

A drastic, wide-reaching food shortage. Famine
A pit dug into the ground or on a hillside and used as shelter. Dugout
The act of being made free. Emancipation
To supply dry land with water through pipes, ditches, or streams. Irrigation
Twisted strands of fence wire with barbs spaced evenly throughout. Barbed wire
Migration that is caused by the feedback of people who have already migrated. Chain migration
A period of low economic activity with rising levels of unemployment. Depression
A house made from grass or sod. Sod house
One who pays rent to use or occupy land, a building, or other property. Tenant
Where did most new settlers to Kansas come from? Other states (mainly in the East)
What were the requirements to claim land through the Homestead Act? 21 or older, a U.S. citizen or intend to become one, pay a $10 filing fee, live on and farm the land for 5 years.
What kinds of transportation were used by settlers coming to Kansas in the 1800's? Train and stagecoach
What European immigrant group came to Kansas in the largest numbers? Germans
What did settlers on the plains use for fuel? Buffalo or cow chips, hay stalks, corncobs
What was the purpose of a windmill on the Great Plains? It brought underground water to the surface.
How did barbed wire impact the settlement of the west? It allowed farmers to contain their livestock. It was cheap, easy to use, and lasted a long time.
Why did African Americans leave the south after the Civil War? Racism, discrimination, low pay, lack of job opportunities, segregation, unfair laws
What push factors motivated many foreign immigrants to leave their homeland? War, disease, poverty, overcrowding, famine, lack of jobs, religious persecution
What pull factors brought many immigrants to Kansas? Free or cheap land, job opportunities, the railroad, religious freedom, tolerance, equality, freedom
How did the Homestead Act encourage settlement in Kansas? People were motivated to move to Kansas for free or cheap land.
What were some of the challenges for new settlers in Kansas? Extreme weather, drought, lack of access to water, insects, no money or equipment, isolation
After the Civil War, many former slaves found work as what? Tenant farmers
What was the largest African American community in northwest Kansas? Nicodemus
Millions of foreign immigrants passed through this immigration station in New York from 1892 - 1954. Ellis Island
Created by: snyderj



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