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|having a legislative assembly composed of two chambers or houses.
|daily payment to a public official engaged in state business.
|140 day period, occurring only in odd numbered years, during which the Texas legislature meets to consider and pass bills.
|idea that legislative service is a part-time job and belief that short sessions would limit the power of the legislature .
|a legislative session called by the governor that addresses an agenda set by him or her that last no longer than 30 days.
|bill that gives an individual or corporation a special exemption from the state law.
|resolution of interest to both chambers of the legislature and which must pass both the House and Senate and generally be signed by the governor.
|commonly a proposed amendment to the Texas constitution or ratification of an amendment to the U.S constitution, that must pass both the House and Senate but does not requires the governors signature.
|concerns only the Texas House or Senate, such as the adoption of a rule or the appointment of an employee, and which does not require the governors signature.
|person living in the district from which an official is elected
|the legislatures mandated role in counting returns in the elections for governor and Lt. governor. This is accomplished during a joint session when it is organized for the regular session.
|exercised by the House, Senate, or both chambers jointly, to investigate problems facing the state.
|Directive and Supervisory Power
|legislatives power over the executive branch.
|power of the House to impeach and of the Senate to convict members of the executive and judicial branches of state government.
|a bill is killed by the chair of the standing committee to which it was referred, as a result of his/her setting the bill aside and not bringing it before the committee.
|Post- Adjournment Veto
|occurs after the legislature adjourns, thus preventing the legislative from overriding it.
|Line- Item Veto
|power of the executive to veto specific provisions (lines) of an appropriations bill passed by the legislature.
|power to control floor debate by recognizing who can speak before the House and Senate.
|One- Person, One- Vote
|principle that all districts should have roughly equal populations.
|power of the chief executive to appoint persons to office.
|resources available to higher officials, usually opportunities to make political appointments to offices and to confer grants, licenses, or special favors to supporters.
|practice whereby the governor seeks the indication that the senator from the candidates home supports the nomination.
|power is fragmented because the election of statewide office holders is independent of the election of the governor.
|the complex structure of offices, tasks, rules, and principles of organization that are employed by all large- scale institutions to coordinate the work of their personnel.
|Pre- Session Bargaining
|negotiations that let the governor and the Legislature leaders reach the necessary compromises prior to the start of the legislature session.
|constitutional requirement, the governor must deliver a State of the State message as the beginning of each legislative session.
|governor may remove appointees for "Cause" wit 2/3rds of Senate approval.
|governor has planning powers over the issuance of federal grants.
|Baker vs. Carr
|Reynold vs. Simms
|1964, "One Person, One Vote",
|opponents of a bill may attempt to delay action on the bill in an effort to run out the clock of the session.