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Unit 6

Presidents/Policies

QuestionAnswer
During John Adam's presidency, the Alien and Sedition Acts were passed. What was their primary purpose? To provide for national security
The War of 1812 promoted the growth of American manufacturing and the free enterprise system by? Decreasing U.S. dependency on foreign goods
What is Jacksonian Democracy? A time period characterized by more involvement by the common man in politics and government
Who formed the Federalist Party? Alexander Hamilton
What is the spoils system? The practice of giving government jobs to loyal supporters
Why did white settlers ask the government to move Indians west during the 1830's? They wanted the Native Americans' land for farming
What was the main purpose of the Monroe Doctrine? To stop European colonization in the western hemisphere (North and South America)
What was the Tariff of Abominations? Who supported it and who opposed it? A protective tariff designed to protect industry in the north by taxing imported goods; North supported it; South opposed it
What was the Treaty of Ghent? The peace treaty that ended the War of 1812
Who was the Supreme Court justice that ruled the Cherokee could not be forced from their land? John Marshall
Why were political parties formed? Because of disagreements concerning the role of government (strong federal v. strong state)
What is the significance of 1803? The Louisiana Purchase
What was the Whiskey Rebellion? Pennsylvania farmers protested a tax on alcohol, and George Washington led troops to stop it; showed power of National government
What are 3 reasons why the Louisiana Purchase is significant? Doubled the size of the U.S., gave control of the Mississippi River, gave control of New Orleans to U.S.
What is the free enterprise system? An economic system in which business owners make most of the economic decisions
What is the feeling of pride in one's nation that swept through the U.S. after the War of 1812 called? Nationalism - Era of Good Feelings
Which political party believed in strong states' rights and "strict" interpretation of the Constitution? Democratic-Republican Party
Which Supreme Court case ruled that Georgia did not have the right to pass laws that removed Cherokees from their land? Worcester v. Georgia
Which political party believed in strong central government and "loose" interpretation of the Constitution? Federalist Party
What was the main cause of the War of 1812? Impressment of Amerian sailors
What was a positive effect of opening the Erie Canal? The waterway between New York cities made the movement of people and goods easier and cheaper
What was James Monroe's foreign policy called? The Monroe Doctrine
What political party believed in the common man having governmental power? Democratic-Republican Party
What 3 pieces of advice did Washington give in his farewell address? Do not form political parties, do not form permanent alliances, stay out of European affairs
What land did the U.S. acquire from Spain as a result of the Adams-Onis Treaty? Florida
Who were the War Hawks? Outspoken members of Congress who called for war against England; led by Henry Clay
Why did Jefferson hire Lewis and Clark? To gather geographic information by exploring and mapping the Louisiana Territory
Which country sold the Louisiana Purchase to the United States? France
Who did the United States fight against during the War of 1812? England
Who formed the Democratic-Republican Party? Thomas Jefferson
Which act allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move west? Indian Removal Act
What is the name given to the time period when South Carolina refused to pay import taxes and threatened to secede from the nation? Nullification Crisis
The burning of Washington, D.C., Battle of New Orleans, and Fort McHenry all took place during? The War of 1812
Why were Americans angry over the XYZ Affair? They believed the 3 French agents (X, Y, and Z) had disrespected the U.S. by demanding a bribe
What did Francis Scott Key write after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry by British ships? The Star Spangled Banner
The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 during James Monroe's presidency. What did it accomplish? It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36'30', except within the state of Missouri which became a slave state, while Maine became a free state
Created by: Ms. Mckenzie