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Ancient Greece test


tyrant A leader who used force to hold power.
polis A small city state
democracy "Rule of the people"
representative democracy Government of the United States
Socrates Philosopher; taught by questioning. arrested and sentences to death
Plato A Greek philosopher who began the Academy
Aristotle Philosopher; taught people should live lives of moderation.
Euclid Mathematician wrote rules of geometry
Delian League An alliance
citizens people who had the right to participate in government.
acropolis A high hill that often had a fortress on its top
cavalry A unit of soldiers mounted on horse
phalanx A group of warriors standing close together in a square
Parthenon A building constructed in Athens in 400s BC
Hippocrates The greatest Greek doctor
Pericles Democracy in Athens worked best under Pericles
Oligarchy A government in which only a few people have power
Hellenistic culture Spread of Greek culture; brought Greek customs to new parts of the world
alliance An agreement to work together
aristocrats Rich landowners
direct democracy A form of government in which all citizens can participate directly in the government.
What is the geography of Greece? Rocky, mountainous land, peninsula
How did the Greeks deal with the difficulties of traveling by land? They became expert ships builders
What group build an advanced society on Crete? Minoans
What ended the Minoan civilization? A volcanic eruption
What was the purpose of Greek myths? it explained why natural or historical events happened
What was the most important aspect of life in Spartan? preparing for battle
From an early age what were Spartan boys trained as? Soldiers
What caused the Peloponnesian War? Greek cities feared Athens would control Greece
What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? Sparta became the most powerful city-state in Greece
Where and how did Alexander the Great die at the age of 33? He got sick in Babylon
What happened after Alexander the Great and his army crossed the Indus River? His exhausted troops refused to fight anymore
Why did Alexander the Great spread Greek culture throughout his empire? Alexander admired and enjoyed Greek culture and ideas
What happened to Alexander's empire after he died? It was divided into kingdoms
What were Greek temples surrounded by? Tall columns
Greek philosophers believed that one thing was more important than anything else in life. What was it? Using the human mind to think and understand
Why were the many achievements of ancient Greece important? They strongly shaped western civilization
In what city did democracy in Greece begin? Athens
Who became king of Macedonia in 359 B.C.? Philip
Greek painters created detailed scenes in red/black on vases.
Minoans and Mycenaean's helped shape later Greek cultures.
Minoans did not speak Greek language
Greek statues very realistic
Woman in Sparta had certain freedoms because of the way their society was structured.
Athenians believed studying arts made people better citizens.
Created by: linda.dillon
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