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Unit 12

WWII

QuestionAnswer
nonaggression pact agreement between USSR and Germany not to attack one another but attack Poland, later broken by Germany
V-E Day Victory in Europe Day
ghetto specified area of cities for housing Jews during the Holocaust, overcrowding and horrible conditions caused many to die
rationing establishing fixed allotments of goods that were essential for the military
GI Bill of Rights provided education and training for veterans after the war, paid for by the federal government
Munich Conference attempted appeasement to stop Hitler by granting him the Sudentanland
Comanche language used in the ETO as a secret code
Guadalcanal called the island of death, first stop on the island hopping campaign
Holocaust genocide against the Jews, murder of 6 million during WWII
Little Boy & Fat Man names of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Pearl Harbor surprise attack here on December 7, 1941 by the Japanese brought the US into the war
relocation of Japanese Americans by executive order 9066 Japanese Americans living on the west coast were forced into relocation camps throughout the war due to fear they would aid the enemy
D-Day June 6, 1944 invasion of Normandy, the northern coast of France, controlled by Nazi Germany and protected by Hitler's Atlantic Wall, this successful invasion was pivotal to ending the war
Leyte Gulf MacArthur's triumphant return to the Philippines, liberated it from Japanese control and freed captured POW soldiers
Bataan Death March surrendered and captured American soldiers were forced on a brutal march to POW camp, many died from starvation, disease, and brutality
USS Arizona today this sunken ship is a tomb to those who died at Pearl Harbor and serves as a memorial to that fateful day
Blitzkrieg lightning war, Germany's military strategy using fast planes and powerful tanks
Nuremberg Trial at the conclusion of the war this trial condemned Nazi leaders for their war crimes
kristallnacht night of broken glass, when Nazi troops attacked Jewish businesses
Mein Kampf "My Struggle" book by Hitler that highlights his plan for Nazism
Auschwitz largest concentration camp that served as both a labor and execution camp, many killed in gas chambers
Battle of the Bulge last offensive effort of Nazi Germany
RAF Royal Air Force - British fighter pilots took on the German Luftwaffe in the skies over England and destroyed Hitler's plan for invasion
what kind of items were hard to come by during the war? rubber, nylon, sugar, butter, gas, etc all rationed for the war effort
Manhattan Project code name for the building of the atomic bomb, done in secret with laboratories and universities across the country participating, led by scientist Robert Oppenheimer
Midway turning point battle in the Pacific in which the Japanese code had been broken
Stalingrad battle over the city, in which the majority of the town was destroyed, Germans lost and it cost a million lives
phony war winter of 1939/1940 in which very little action will occur
Navajo code talkers of the PTO
Created by: ndouvier