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STAAR Vocabulary Rev

Boycott refusal to buy something as a form of protest
taxation process of collecting money from citizens in order to fund government expenses
political revolution changing from one governmental structure to another
Patriots American colonists who supported independence from Great Britain
Loyalists American colonists who did not support independence from Great Britain
civil disobedience refusal to obey laws as a form of protest
grievance a complaint
independence the fact or state of being independent, being free
unalienable rights What's unalienable cannot be taken away or denied. Its most famous use is in the Declaration of Independence, which says people have unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
liberty the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one's way of life, behavior, or political views
mercantilism also called "commercialism,” is a system in which a country attempts to amass wealth through trade with other countries, exporting more than it imports and increasing stores of gold and precious metals
Quartering the provision of accommodations or lodgings, especially for troops
Exploration traveling to new territories for the purpose of discovery
colonization state sponsored settlement of people to new territories
mercantilism economic policy where colonies serve as a source of raw materials to increase the wealth and maintain a favorable balance of trade for the “mother” country
representative government political system where policies are created by representatives selected by the people
charter a contract given to someone to establish a colony
plantations large agricultural enterprise where crops are grown for sale
region a geographic area that share similar characteristics
harbors a place on the coast where vessels may find shelter, especially one protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures
cash crops a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower
Parliament (in the UK) the highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons
social contract an implicit agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits, for example by sacrificing some individual freedom for state protection
Agrarian relating to cultivated land or the cultivation of land
subsistence farming is self sustained farming, farming for ones family or own self
primary source A primary source provides direct or firsthand evidence about an event, object, person, or work of art, Primary sources include historical and legal documents
secondary source Secondary sources address or analyze events, people, works, or topics after the fact, unlike primary sources which provide firsthand accounts
migration is the movement of people from one place to another The reasons for migration can be economic, social, political or environmental There are usually push factors and pull factors at work
Confederation an alliance of states created for a common purpose compromise
Limited government is defined as a governing or controlling body whose power exists only within pre
Bicameral two houses of congress
Popular sovereignty people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power
Individual rights refer to the liberties of each individual to pursue life and goals without interference from other individuals or the government
Checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups
Separation of powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies
constitution document outlining the fundamental principles and structures of a government
ratification approval of a document or policy
amendment an addition to a document
sovereignty independent power
federalism political system in which power is shared between a national centralized government and a collection of smaller state governments
Compromise an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions
Republic political system in which representatives are responsible for governing
impressment forcing someone into service for an organization or government
political party groups of people sharing a common political philosophy and support for candidates with that philosophy
foreign policy government actions in relations to other countries
isolationism policy of separating and not participation in international relationships
neutrality remaining independent and not taking sides in an issue
Intervention interference by a country in another's affairs
Debt something, typically money, that is owed or due
Domestic existing or occurring inside a particular country; not foreign or international
Embargo an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country
Alliance a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations
Sedititon conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch
Doctrine a stated principle of government policy, mainly in foreign or military affairs
Nullification the idea that states can refuse to follow federal laws
spoils system the practice of public officials given jobs or favors to supporters
suffrage the right to vote
states’ rights powers given to the states as interpreted in the US Constitution, generally seen as a check to federal powers
Resettlement the settlement of people in a different place
Tariff a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports
Common man the undistinguished commoner lacking class or rank distinction or special attributes
manifest destiny idea that the United States should expand to include the territory from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
pioneers someone is first to settle a region or enter into an project
Statehood the status of being a state of the US, originally required 60,000 people to become a state
Region an area or division, especially part of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries
free enterprise economic system in which consumers and producers are free to make economic decisions and choices
innovation creating new ideas, products or methods
industrialization the process of economic development based on factory production
urbanization the process of migration to large, densely populated areas, generally cities
abolition legally ending of the practice of enslaving people
mechanization using machines in the production process
civil disobedience refusing to obey laws believed to be unjust
suffrage the right to vote in political elections
immigration the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country
transportation the action of transporting someone or something or the process of being transported
communication the imparting or exchanging of information or news
interchangeable parts (components) that are, for practical purposes, identical, They are made to specifications that ensure that they are so nearly identical that they will fit into any assembly of the same type
canals an artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats or ships inland or to convey water for irrigation
transcontinental A train route across the United States, finished in 1869. It was the project of two railroad companies: the Union Pacific built from the east, and the Central Pacific built from the west
Sectionalism concern for regional needs and interests
compromise an agreement in which both sides give up some demands
States’ rights the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government
Nullification is the act of cancelling something
Protective tariffs A duty imposed on imports to raise their price, making them less attractive to consumers and thus protecting domestic industries from foreign competition
Region an area or division, especially part of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries
Federalism is a system of government in which entities such as states or provinces share power with a national government
Secession the withdrawal of a state from a union
confederacy an alliance formed for a common purpose
sectionalism an exaggerated devotion to the interests of a region
cede give up (power or territory)
Reconstruction process of rebuilding the Union with the readmission of the southern states
Sharecropping the practice of receiving a portion of the crops in exchange for living and farming on a large estate
Carpetbagger referred to Northerners who moved to the South following the Civil War to take advantage of the unsettled political situation
Scalawag referred to Southerners who cooperated with federal authorities during Reconstruction, often gaining an advantage
homestead a tract of land with a home on it
Legislation laws, considered collectively
Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War, These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt
Land grant a grant of public land, especially to an institution, organization, or to particular groups of people
Amendment an article added to the US Constitution
Civil rights the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality
Due process fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially as a citizen's entitlement
Created by: braydon.maxwell



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