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World War II #04

GA 5th Grade Common Core Social Studies Standards

Who was Harry Truman Truman? He took over the U.S. presidency after Roosevelt died.
What countries made up the Axis Powers in World War II? Germany, Italy, Japan
What countries made up the Allied Powers (or Allies) in World War II? Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and eventually, the United States
What event began World War II in Europe? Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939.
What was the “Battle of Britain?” Germany launched an aerial attack on Great Britain during 1940. For 8 months, they bombed cities and buildings. Winston Churchill refused to give up, and Great Britain never succumbed to German occupation.
What event brought the United States into World War II? Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. Before this event, the United States was trying to stay out of the world war. This event brought the isolated United States into WWII. We realized that Japan and Germany were achieving far too many military successes and were beginning to threaten our democracy.
How did the U.S. military’s need for war supplies affect the nation’s factories? The federal government encouraged factories to switch from making consumer goods to making war- related goods.
What were some key developments in technology that impacted World War II?  aviation bombers, aircraft carriers, and jets, which led to growth in air travel and transportation immediately after World War II  weaponry torpedoes, atomic bomb, which led to the arms race and more spending in military and research  communication secret codes, radar, early stages of computers
How did U.S. involvement in WWII impact women? A shortage in labor led women to once again leave their homes and go to work in the factories.
Who was “Rosie the Riveter?” “Rosie the Riveter” was a character created to encourage and recruit women into wartime industries. Many women joined the armed forces as nurses, drivers, pilots, and even soldiers.
How did World War II have a profound social impact on the US? The nation came together as each American was encouraged to “Do Your Part” in the war effort. Each and every American was called upon to conserve scarce materials by contributing to scrap metal drives and planting “Victory Gardens.”
How did U.S. involvement in WWII impact African Americans? A shortage in labor led many jobs to open up for African-Americans. Many African-Americans also helped to fight during WWII, and after their efforts in WWII, President Truman officially banned segregation in the military, desegregating the armed forces.
Who were the Tuskegee Airmen? The Tuskegee Airmen were an elite group of African-American pilots in the 1940s. The Tuskegee Airmen included pilots, navigators, bombardiers, maintenance and support staff, instructors, and all the personnel who kept the planes in the air. They were still forced to operate in segregated units.
What was the impact of World War II on Japanese-Americans in the United States? Japanese-Americans were distrusted after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The United States forced those of Japanese descent who lived along the coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington into internment camps in the desert. Many ended up losing their homes and jobs.
What was D-Day (Invasion of Normandy), and what was its impact on World War II? D-Day was a massive military campaign of the Allied forces on June 6, 1944. They used paratroopers, ships, and amphibious vehicles to launch a massive invasion along the coast of France (Normandy). This was the turning point of World War II for the Allied forces in Europe.
What was “Pacific Island Hopping,” and how did it help the United States and the Allies in its fight against Japan in World War II? Pacific-island hopping was the strategy the U.S. military used in the Pacific Ocean during World War II. The U.S. took over certain islands and skipped over others to try to get closer to Japan.
What was the “Battle of Midway"? The Battle of Midway was a battle near Midway Island on June 4, 1942. The Japanese had planned to take over the island from the United States but the U.S . kept them from succeeding by destroying much of their navy.
What was the turning point for the battle in the Pacific during World War II? The Battle of Midway
What was President Truman’s dilemma with using the atomic bomb? President Truman had the tough decision to decide whether or not to use the nuclear bomb to help end WWII. After the bloody battle of Okinawa, he knew that a land invasion of Japan would cause many soldiers’ lives to be lost, but he also knew using the nuclear bomb would cause many innocent Japanese civilian deaths. He chose to drop the bombs to end the war quickly. Using the atom bomb was the beginning of the “Arms Race”.
What events led to the Allied victory over Japan in August 1945? The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6. Japan did not respond, so they dropped a 2nd bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9. On August 14, Japan surrendered.
After World War II, how did the governments in Europe and Japan change? Germany was divided into 4 parts, controlled by U.S., Great Britain, and France, and the Soviet Union. The eastern half of Europe fell under Soviet communist control, and the western half remained democratic. Japan was forced to create a democratic constitution and government under the leadership of U.S. General Douglas MacArthur.
What was V-J (Victory over Japan) Day? On August 14, 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allies ending the war in the Pacific.
What was V-E (Victory in Europe) Day? On May 8, 1945 the war ended in Europe.