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Civil Rights #01

GA 5th Grade Common Core Social Studies Standards

QuestionAnswer
What was the main goal of the Civil Rights Movement? To outlaw racial discrimination against African Americans and restore their voting rights
Who was Rosa Parks, and why is she important to the Civil Rights movement? An African American woman who refused to give up her seat on the bus. Her actions brought about a boycott of the Montgomery buses which was lead with the help of Dr. Martin Luther King.
What are “Freedom Rides?” A group of civil rights protesters traveled by bus throughout the South and used restrooms, bus waiting rooms, and restaurants that were for “whites only” to show that segregation wasn’t legal anymore.
What are “sit ins?” A form of protest in which African Americans sat down at a “whites only” restaurant or store and refused to leave until they were served.
Who was Martin Luther King, Jr., and why is he important to the Civil Rights movement? A minister from Atlanta, Georgia who was dedicated to bringing about change, through nonviolent protests while he worked for civil rights for all Americans.
What was the Brown v. Board of Education court case about? The parents of Linda Brown went to court against the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas to argue that she was not getting the same education as white students in a segregated school.
What did the Supreme Court rule in Brown vs Board of Education? That segregation was illegal
What was the effect of the ruling in Brown vs Board of Education? Desegregation was ordered in all public schools
How did the media impact the Civil Rights movement? Television brought the nonviolent civil disobedience campaigns to a wider audience. It showed the violence they were met with from Southern law enforcement. Social, political, and technological events were broadcast to wide audiences as more homes got televisions
How did President Lyndon B. Johnson help the Civil Rights movement? He made the Civil Rights movement a main focus of his administration and signed the Civil Rights Act into law
What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do? Banned segregation in schools, workplaces, and public places
What is the Voting Rights Act? A law that made it illegal to prevent or hinder citizens from voting because of their racial or ethnic backgrounds
Who was Thurgood Marshall? The first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Prior to becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education
What was the impact of the Assassination of John F. Kennedy? People were shocked and saddened; some lost hope; others wanted to carry on his vision
What was the impact of the Assassination of Robert Kennedy? Americans were stunned and those who supported his ideals felt a loss. The baby boom generation wanted to continue to change American culture and politics
What was the impact of the Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr? The death of Martin Luther King caused riots in major cities and set back civil rights for years, there was general distrust between whites and blacks
What is desegregation? Ending the separation of people by racial or ethnic groups
What are civil rights? The rights that countries guarantee their citizens
What is the NAACP? The oldest civil rights group, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, was founded in 1909.
What is a Nonviolent protest? A method of peaceful protest in which people fight unfair laws by refusing to obey them
What is a boycott? The refusal to buy, sell, or use certain goods. An example is the Montgomery Bus Boycott when African Americans stopped riding the buses to protest segregation on buses.
What is segregation? The forced separation of the races