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Great Depression #01

GA 5th Grade Common Core Social Studies Standards

Why did economic problems increase in the United States increase in 1929? The Stock Market crashed?
What was Black Tuesday? The day the Stock Market crashed - October 29, 1929
What was the Great Depression? A period of unemployment and hardship in the United States and other countries.
When was the Great Depression? 1929 through 1940
What is unemployment? The number of people who are looking for a job but can’t find one
What is an economic depression? A time when people can’t find work and many businesses close
What is debt? Money that one person owes to another
Why did factory workers lose their jobs during the Great Depression? Store owners did not order as many goods from factories so factories did not need as many workers.
What caused the Great Depression? Problems on farms Bank failures A slow economy Stock Market Crash
About how many people were unemployed in the United States by 1932? 25 percent
What did the poet Langston Hughes say about the Great Depression? “Everybody in America was looking for work. Everybody moving from one place to another in search of a job.”
What is charity? An organization that helps people in need
What is a shantytown? A cluster of shacks built out of cardboard boxes, broken-down cars, and scarps of wood
Why was the Great Depression especially hard on tenant farmers and sharecroppers ? Tenant farmers paid rent to live and farm on land owned by another person. Sharecroppers were tenant farmers who had so little money that they paid a share of the crops they grew to the landowner. Many tenant farmers and sharecroppers could not pay rent, so they had to leave.
What happened in the early 1930s that made things worse for farmers? In 1930s there was a severe drought on the Great Plains. Crops could not grow, few plants held the dry soil in place, and winds blew loose dust and dirt across the Plains. Dust storms ruined crops and covered homes in soot.
Who was Dorothea Lange? A photographer who took pictures of people who were hurt the most in the Depression
Who was Woody Guthrie? He wrote songs about the hardships faced by people who left the Dust Bowl
Who was Margaret Mitchell? A writer from Atlanta who wrote Gone with The Wind. It was made into a movie in 1939.
Who was Jesse Owens? He was the grandson of an enslaved African. He became a track star in the 1930s and won four gold medals in the 1936 Olympics.
Created by: pattefo