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Reconstruction

QuestionAnswer
Era known as Reconstruction 1865-1877
Bringing the Southern states back into the Union Reconstruction
abolish slavery 13th Amendment
citizenship (equal protection clause and due process clause) 14th Amendment
right to vote (universal male suffrage) 15th Amendment
The plan created by the Radical Republicans in Congress to bring the Southern states back into the Union, wanted to punish the South Radical Reconstruction
military occupation of the former confederate states;divided the Southern states into 5 military districts; strict guidelines on representation and requirements for readmission to Union Reconstruction Act of 1867
President after Lincoln is assassinated Andrew Johnson
Amnesty to Southerners that swore allegiance to the Union, Confederate leaders had to appeal to Johnson for a pardon, Southern states had to outlaw slavery and ratify the 13th amendment to rejoin the Union Johnson Plan
developed to replace enslaved labor; plantation owners provided land to formerly enslaved people in exchange for a share of the crop Sharecropping
northerners who went to the South and became involved in the new state politics; so named because of the luggage they carried Carpetbaggers
southerners who worked with the Republicans, seen as traitors by some southerners, gained political power Scalawags
Electoral Commission after the Election of 1876, to resolve disputed Democratic Electoral votes from the South, unwritten, informal compromise between the Republicans and Democrats in Congress, Hayes wins election, federal troops withdrawn from South Compromise of 1877
supervised all relief and educational activities for freedmen, issued rations, clothing, and medicine, also assumed custody of confiscated lands or property in the former Confederate States, border states, District of Columbia, and Indian Territory. Freedmen's Bureau
granted citizenship to persons born in the United States, except members of American Indian tribes; first time Congress passed a law protecting racial minorities Civil rights Act of 1866
was selected as the first African American senator, Mississippi Hiram Rhodes Revels
laws passed in the South during Reconstruction to limit the opportunities for African Americans Black Codes
laws passed to bypass laws created by the Radical Republicans and any other federal law that Southerners did not agree with concerning African Americans Jim Crow Laws
secret society formed to undermine Republican rule and terrorize African Americans and their supporters (including white Republicans, carpetbaggers, teachers in African American schools, and others who assisted African Americans) Ku Klux Klan
gave adult heads of families 160 acres of public land for a filing fee. were required to “improve” the plot by building a dwelling and cultivating the land. After 5 years on the land, entitled to the property, free and clear, small registration fee. Homestead Act
made it possible for new western states to establish colleges for citizens; emphasized agriculture and mechanic arts, opened opportunities to thousands of farmers and working people previously excluded from higher education Morrill Act
allowed the President to break up reservation land, which was held in common by the members of a tribe, into small allotments to be parceled out to individuals. Dawes Act
Railroad that connects the East coast with the West coast Transcontinental Railroad
President during most of Reconstruction Ulysses S. Grant
Called for an easier reunion plan for the South Lincoln's Second Inaugural
June 19, 1865 Union soldiers land in Galveston, TX and announce the Civil War is over and all enslaved people are free Juneteenth
paying rent to plantation owners to be able to farm a plot of land Tenant farmers
Created by: artm239
 

 



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