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World War I #01

GA 5th Grade Common Core Social Studies Standards

QuestionAnswer
What is nationalism? The belief that your country deserves more success than other countries
What is militarism? The building of a strong military to frighten or defeat other countries
What is an alliance? An agreement nations make to support and defend each other
What is trench warfare? Trench warfare is a war fought from ditches dug in the ground. Soldiers on both sides in World War I fought in long narrow ditches called trenches. This fighting was called trench warfare because soldiers crouched down in the trenches for protection and fired their weapons from there. Sometimes they tried to capture the enemy by crossing the land between trenches.
What countries were Allies in World War I? Great Britain France United States
What countries were the Central Powers in World War I? Germany Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Ottoman Empire.
What caused the US to enter the war? Germany sank the British ship the Lusitania in 1915. There were many Americans on board. Germany agreed not to sink any more ships. In 1917 Germany broke its promise and began sinking American ships. The US entered the war.
What new weapons were used in World War I? Machine guns Hand grenades Submarines Tanks Poison Gas Airplanes to drop bombs
What are rations? Rations were limits placed on food and goods. Rations were imposed on Americans during WWI so that there would be enough food and supplies available to feed and equip soldiers during the war.
What is propaganda? Propaganda is material printed or published to try to get people to think a certain way, even if it's wrong or only partly true.
How did World War I change the lives of many African Americans? Many southern African Americans moved north to manufacturing towns to work in factories. The African Americans earned good wages in these jobs and earned respect because they were helping to win the war.
What were some things that American workers made so soldiers could fight WWI? Ships Trucks Weapons Uniforms Gas masks Helmets
What opportunities did World War I bring for women? Many women took jobs that had been open only to men. Women made weapons, repaired cars, delivered the mail, and directed traffic. Women earned greater respect and this led to greater freedom for women and the right to vote.
What two groups of Americans got new opportunities during World War I? Women and African Americans
When did the United States join the fight in World War I? 1917
What effect did the entry of the US into WWI have on the Allied forces? When the US joined the Allied Forces in WWI it made the Allied forces stronger than the Central Powers and as a result the Central Powers signed an armistice in 1918, ending the war.
What is an armistice? An armistice is an agreement to stop fighting.
When did World War I end? November 11, 1918
What treaty ended World War I? The Treaty of Versailles
How did the Treaty of Versailles affect Germany? The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany through loss of colonies and money. Land was given to France and money was paid to Allied countries.
Who was President of the United States during World War I? Woodrow Wilson
What is isolationism and why did some Americans believe in it? Isolationism is to keep separate. Many Americans believed in isolationism because they believed it would help keep the US out of future conflicts and wars.