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Turn of Century #02

GA 5th Grade Common Core Social Studies Standards

QuestionAnswer
Why was Pittsburgh a good place to produce steel? Pittsburgh had two major rivers and had natural resources nearby such as coal.
What ingredients are used to make steel? Iron ore and coal
What is the nickname for Pittsburgh? Steel City
Why did America need steel? To build railroads, bridges, skyscrapers, and factories.
What were Progressives and what did they want to do? Progressives were reformers who did not always agree with one another, but most thought governments should make laws to protect workers, consumers, and citizens’ rights.
What is a muckraker? Someone who rakes up or points out unpleasant truths.
Who was Upton Sinclair? A muckraker who wrote “The Jungle”. It was a fictional description based on his personal observations of unsafe and dirty conditions in meatpacking plants. It told about the use of chemicals to cover the taste of rotten meat.
What two laws were passed in 1906 to make food safer The Pure Food and Drug Act The Meat Inspection Act
Who was John Muir? A conservationist who believed that natural areas were precious resources. After meeting with Muir President Roosevelt set aside millions of acres for national parks and wilderness areas.
What was the 16th Amendment? Allowed Congress to pass an Income Tax
What was the 17th Amendment? Allowed citizens to elect senators
What was the 18th Amendment? Made it against the law to make or sell alcoholic beverages
What was the goal of the women’s suffrage movement? To get women the right to vote
What was the 19th Amendment? Allowed women aged 21 and older to vote
What is the NAACP? National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. It was formed to work for equality for African Americans.
What did W.E.B. Dubois and Booker T. Washington do to improve life for African Americans? DuBois was an African American writer and professor whose writings on African American life helped persuade many Americans that change was needed. Washington was an African American leader who started a school to educate and give job training to southern African Americans.
What secret organization made life even more difficult for southern African Americans? The Ku Klux Klan
What was the Great Migration? African Americans moved north to escape prejudice and to find jobs and opportunities in the North. This was known as the Great Migration.
Created by: pattefo