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Westward Exp. #02

GA 5th Grade Common Core Social Studies Standards

What is a time zone? A time zone is a region that shares the same time.
How many time zones are set up around the world? There are 24 time zones set up around the globe.
Why did settlers rush to the Great Plains in the late 1800s? Settlers rushed to the Great Plains in the late 1800s because land was inexpensive.
What did the Homestead Act offer? The Homestead Act offered 160 acres of land to adults who were U.S. citizens or wanted to become citizens.
Who could claim land in the Homestead Act? Only U.S. citizens or adults who wanted to become citizens could claim land.
What did settlers have to pay and what was the requirement to claim land under the Homestead Act. To claim land settlers had to pay a small amount of money and farm the land for five years.
What is a price incentive? A price incentive is when people make buying or purchasing decisions based on prices.
Why did settlers from Europe and the East move to the Great Plains? In the East, land was expensive; in Europe farms were smaller.
Why did many African Americans who settled in Kansas call themselves “Exodusters”? Many African Americans who settled in Kansas called themselves Exodusters after Exodus, a book of the Bible. The identified with the ancient Israelites who left Egypt to escape slavery as described in the Bible’s book of Exodus.
Who was Benjamin “Pap” Singleton? Benjamin Singleton was an African American who visited Kansas in 1873. He printed ads for land in Kansas and said that African Americans needed to leave the South because “starvation is staring us in the face.”
What type of weather did the Great Plains have in the winter? In the winter the Great Plains had blizzards and bitter cold.
What conditions on the Great Plains were especially damaging to crops? Drought could destroy crops for many years in a row. Fires could destroy miles of prairie. Grasshoppers could eat crops, clothing, and even wooden implements.
What is a drought? A drought is a long period with little or no rain. This extreme dry weather could destroy crops for many years in a row because plants did not get the water they needed.
Why did many settlers on the Great Plains build their first house from sod instead of wood? Wood was very scarce on the Great Plains and would have been expensive to get, while sod was plentiful and free.
What problems did settlers experience with sod houses? Sod leaked during rainstorms. Sometimes snakes and other small animals dug through the sod walls.
What was a sodbuster? Sodbusters were farmers on the Great Plains. They were called sodbusters because they could only plant their crops after they had broken up, or busted, the thick, tough layer of sod that covered the plains.
Why did settlers use wheat seed from Europe? Wheat seed from the eastern United States did not grow well in the harsh conditions of the Great Plains. Settlers learned to plan seed from parts of Europe that were grassy and dry.
What methods did settlers use to overcome the lack of water on the Great Plains? Farmers who lived near streams carried water to their crops. Other dug wells and pumped water by hand. Some settlers built windmills to pump water.