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US Civil War #05

GA 5th Grade Common Core Social Studies Standards

QuestionAnswer
What happened to the economy of the South after the Civil War? The South lost two-thirds of its wealth due to the Civil War. Many young men who would have been farmers or workers lost their lives in the war. The war ruined homes, farms, machinery, factories, and railroads. Manufacturing in the South grew very slowly and the economy in the South took many years to recover.
What is a primary source? A primary source is firsthand information about an event, a place, or a time period.
What is a secondary source? A secondary source is information from someone who did not witness an event. Secondary sources sometimes summarize or give an overview of what happened.
What ended the plantation system in the South? Reconstruction ended the plantation system in the South. When the 13th Amendment abolished slavery there was no longer the labor necessary for the plantations to thrive. Many people in the South were left very poor.
What is sharecropping. Sharecropping was a system where poor farmers used a landowner’s field. In return, the farmer gave the landowner a share of the crop. Landowners often loaned sharecroppers tools and seeds. Sharecropping gave African Americans some independence but also kept poor farmers in debt. After selling their crops, many sharecroppers did not have enough money to pay the landowners what they owed. They had to keep borrowing and could into get out of debt.
What was the Ku Klux Klan and what did it do? The Ku Klux Klan was a secret organization. The people in the Ku Klux Klan wanted to stop African Americans from taking part in government. They threatened, beat and killed African Americans to keep them from voting. They also attacked people who helped African Americans.
In what year did Reconstruction end? Reconstruction ended in 1877.
Who ended Reconstruction? Reconstruction was ended by President Rutherford B. Hayes when he ordered government soldiers to leave the South.
What is Jim Crow? Jim Crow was the nickname for laws that kept African Americans separate from other Americans. These laws made segregation legal.
What does segregation mean? Segregation is the forced separation of the races.
Who was Booker T. Washington, what did he do, and what did he believe? Booker T. Washington was a former slave who opened the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. He believed that education was the key to helping African Americans get better jobs.
Who was George Washington Carver and what did he do? George Washington Carver was the most famous teacher at Tuskegee Institute. He invented over 300 products made from peanuts. His inventions included peanut better, peanut cheese, and peanut milk.
What was the Tuskegee Institute? The Tuskegee Institute was a college opened by Booker T. Washington. All of the students and teachers were African Americans. Washington believed that African Americans would receive equal treatment in time if they were educated and leaned useful skills. Students at the Tuskegee Institute studied writing, math, and science. They also earned trades such as printing, carpentry, and farming.