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Chapter 4 Test

QuestionAnswer
1. A document of a government that explains its purpose, describes its organization, and states its powers constitution
2. The document, written in 1787 and ratified in 1788, that set up our nation’s current framework for government United States Constitution
3. The system through which a community is organized; it is empowered to make, enforce, and carry out laws and procedures government
4. A complete collection of civil laws commissioned by French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte around 1800, which influenced Louisiana’s first civil code adopted in 1808 Napoleonic Code
5. A system of law that uses earlier decisions—called precedents—as guidelines; it shaped the criminal laws adopted in Louisiana common law
6. The division of power between the federal and state governments federalism
7. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights
8. A division of powers among the three branches of government, with each branch having the primary responsibility for certain functions of government, and with all branches sharing power and none being authorized to function without the other two checks and balances
9. A legislative session called to discuss specific subjects special session
10. Revising the legislative district boundaries based on population numbers reapportionment
11. A committee that includes members from both the Senate and the House, who try to work out differences between two versions of a bill so they can return the revised bill to both chambers for another vote conference committee
12. A serious crime, like murder and armed robbery felony
13. A less serious crime, like speeding misdemeanor
14. To take a case to a higher court for further consideration appeal
15. A group of citizens who hear evidence on a legal case and make a decision based on the evidence jury
16. A panel of twelve citizens who serve for six months and, after listening to the district attorney, decide if there is enough evidence to indict a person for a crime grand jury
17. Amounts charged citizens by their governments (federal, state, and local) to support governments and the services they provide taxes
18. An amount charged for removing natural resources—such as timber, oil, and gas—from the state; based on the idea that, once natural resources are removed, they will not be available for future generations severance tax
19. The legal term for gambling gaming
20. The primary local government division in Louisiana parish
21. The governing body for most parishes in Louisiana police jury
22. Political power given to political subdivisions to govern their own affairs home rule
23. A unit of local government—a village, town, or city municipality
24. LA’s form of elections, in which all candidates, no matter their political party, compete in the first (or primary) election and voters can vote for any candidate, regardless of party; then the two candidates with most votes go to a runoff election open primary system
25. An organization of people who come together because they have shared ideas about how government should operate political party
26. To attempt to influence legislators about issues lobby
27. Information spread widely in order to promote or discourage a particular proposal or political point of view propaganda
28. Who holds the power of government in a democracy? people
29. How does democracy compare to other forms of government? There is a greater state of equality than in less representative forms of government.
30. Which powers are shared by the state and federal government? collect taxes and enforce laws
31. How many versions of the Louisiana state constitution have been adopted? 11
32. Which group of Louisiana’s first laws was influenced by the Napoleonic Code? civil code
33. On which topic of legislation does the governor have a line item veto? budget
34. What are the 3 branches of government in federal and state government? executive, judicial, and legislative
35. How many legislators must vote for a law in order to override the governor’s veto? 2/3
36. If a law is brought to the court for judicial review, what is being determined? constitutionality of the law
37. How are a grand jury and a trial jury different? A grand jury decides if there is enough evidence to go to trial, but a trial jury renders a verdict based on evidence.
38. Which of the following completes the analogy? President is to federal government as ____________ is to state government. governor
39. What is the largest single source of revenue for the state? sales tax
40. What are the two types of local government? elected parish council and police jury
41. Why are school boards more closely regulated than other forms of local government? They receive money from the state.
42. Which categorizes freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to vote? citizens’ rights
43. Which pair is an example of civic responsibility? obeying the laws and paying taxes
44. Which example of citizen involvement in government is illegal? paying legislators for their votes
45. According to the chart, what is the correct sequence of events for a bill to become a law? 1. A bill assigned a committee 2. A proposal introduced 3. The gov may sign or veto 4. A bill sent to the both houses 2-1-4-3
46. Keeps records of state’s income and expenses treasurer
47. Brings legal action on behalf of the state attorney general
48. Keeps the state’s Great Seal secretary of state
49. Prepares and submits the state budget governor
50. Becomes governor if the governor leaves office or is unable to act lieutenant governor
Created by: Colleen Frazier