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Ind Rev Vocab Review

Industrial Revolution Vocabulary Review

TermDefinition
Patent A document that gives someone the sole right to make and to sell an invention
Wilbur and Orville Wright Two brothers that tested a gas-powered airplane at Kitty Hawk, NC in 1903
Thomas Edison An inventor who created the light bulb, phonograph, and motion picture camera
Entrepreneur Someone who sets up new businesses to make a profit
Andrew Carnegie His companies owned iron mines, railroads, and shipping lines. In 1892, he combined his businesses into a giant steel company.
Corporation A business that is owned by many investors
Trust A group of corporations run by a single board of directors
John D. Rockefeller Entrepreneur who invested in an oil refinery and used the profits to buy other oil companies. In 1882, he ended competition by forming the Standard Oil Trust.
Monopoly A company that controls all or nearly all businesses in a particular industry
Assembly Line A manufacturing method in which a product is put together as it moves along a conveyor belt.
Alexander Graham Bell He invented the telephone in order to carry the human voice.
Henry Ford He perfected a system to mass-produce cars and make them available at a lower price.
Free Enterprise Economic system in which each privately owned business decides what to produce, how much to produce, and what prices to charge
Collective Bargaining Negotiations between company management and a union representing a group of workers about wages, benefits, and working conditions
Yellow Journalism Style of reporting and displaying news in a sensational way that distorts the truth
Steerage Large compartments of ships that usually held cattle
Tenements A building that is divided into many tiny compartments
Mark Twain His real name is Samuel Clemens and he wrote Huckleberry Finn. He made his stories realistic by capturing the speech patterns of southerners who lived and worked along the Mississippi River.
Assimilation The process of becoming part of another culture
Jane Adams She felt strong sympathy for the poor and created a settlement house (Hull House) or center that offered help to the urban poor in 1889.
Anarchist A person who opposes all forms of government
Compulsory Education Requirement that all children attend school up to a certain age
Samuel Gompers In 1886, he formed a new union in Columbus, Ohio, called the American Federation of Labor, or AFL.
Realist Writers who try to show life as it is.
Urbanization Rapid growth of city populations
Created by: ajenningswlms
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