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|Medieval Castles : Moats
|Ditch filled with water for an additional barrier
|Medieval Castles : Crenel
|Alternating high and low spots to give cover to guards along the wall top
|Medieval Castles : Arrow Slits
|Narrow opening to fire arrows, gave nearly complete protection
|Medieval Castles : Bailey
|Medieval Castles : Murder Holes
|On the ceiling, there were holes where boiling oil or heavy rocks
|Medieval Castles : Portcullis
|Heavy gate of closed bars to lower in front of the opening
|Medieval Castles : Motte and Keep
|Home of the noble and his family and the site of his court. If the outer walls were breached, defenders could fall back into this mini-fortress
|Who were knights sons of?
|When you pledged allegiance to a baron, how many days of service did you owe him?
|What did a page do?
|doing chores, learning manners, customs, and being educated
|At what age did you become an esquire? And what was your job?
|14 and you served one knight and learned combat from him
|Knight's Code of Chivalry
|to be honest, honorable, helpful, and brave
|What did the knights do to practice for warfare? If they did, how did they practice?
|Yes, they jousted for practice
|What kept the knights in shape?
|Hunting and Hawking
|supervised the work on lord's property and checked that everyone began and stopped work on time and insured that nothing was stolen
|took care of the estate and domestic administration and supervised the household and events in the great hall
|responsible for the great chamber and personal finances
|roasted, broiled, and baked food in the fireplaces and ovens
|Personal Servant (Lady in Waiting)
|waited on nobles
|responsible for washing and cleaning in the kitchen
|tested if the brew was good
|forged and sharpened tools and weapons
|created leather armor, cups, belts, bags, boots
|worked on walls, buildings, and sculptures
|candles were the main light source. A large castle might use 1,000 per night
|makers of cloth and clothing
|main source of diary was cheese
|THE WORST JOB IN WORLD HISTORY: GONG FARMER
|responsible for cleaning out castles' sewage pits with a shovel and a bucket
|Why was King Henry excommunicated from the church?
|he was boasting about his power and his control
|Who excommunicated King Henry form the church?
|Pope Gregory VII
|What did Henry have to do to be forgiven by the Pope?
|Henry had to walk to Rome barefoot and wait 3 days in the snow
|What did the Church offer peasants?
|shelter, food, and safety
|What did the church have control over?
|art, music, festivals, and holidays
|What did the church teach about?
|sacraments, heaven, hell, purgatory
|What was the church a source of?
|Leadership, inspiration, safety, and shelter
|What was the Black Death?
|The Black Death is a combination of Bubonic Plague, Pneumonia, and a systemic plague
|Where did the Black Death come from?
|China or Russia
|How did it spread?
|The disease originally infected squirrels and the fleas from the infected squirrels bit humans, horses, and rats. Then, the people or the rats carrying the plague spread it when they were trading like on a ship
|What are some symptoms?
|the victim begins vomiting and develops a fever, then he gets buboes under his armpit, then he dies
|How much of the populaation died becuase of this plague?