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Ch. 11 section 2

Important people, events, and places

5 Civilized Tribes Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, Choctaw
Indian Removal Act 1830 Federal government paid Native Americans to move west - Most Native Americans felt forced to move- moved to Indian Territory - present day Oklahoma -area of relocation
Cherokee Nation 1) refused to give up their land 2) federal Gov't recognized the Cherokee Nation as a separate nation in 1790's 3) Georgia didn't recognize Cherokee law 4) Cherokee sued Georgia
Cherokee Nation cont. 5) Worcester v. Georgia - Supreme Court ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee, only the federal gov't 6) Jackson supported Georgia 7) Federal troops made them move
The Treaty of New Echota (Cherokee capital) 1)500 Cherokee signed their people's land away 2) this legal document gave Jackson the right to remove the Native Americans 3) Treaty had Senate approval by one vote
Cherokee Chief John Ross 1) wrote the federal government a letter 2) letter stated that the people who signed the treaty did not represent the Cherokee people 3) Asked the gov't not to enforce the treaty
Trail of Tears 1) Pres. Martin Van Buren 1838 began the removal 2) Gen John Wool resigned in protest - this delayed the removal 3) Gen. Winfred Scott & 7,000 troops invaded in May of 1838
Trail of Tears continued 4) Scott threatened force 5) Cherokee moved 6) 4,00 died either waiting to move, from starvation, disease, or exposure
Black Hawk 1) Chief of Sauk & Fox people 2) led them back to Illinois - their homeland 3) the land was given up in a treaty 4) state militia & federal troops used force to get them to leave 5)went to Iowa
Seminole War 1)Osceola & some of his people successfully resisted movement 2)went to war with the U.S. 3)African Am. & Seminoles attacked white settlers 4)U.S. sent troops 5) African Am. & Seminoles used guerrilla tactics 6)Killed all but 110 of U.S. troops
Seminole War continued 7) Dade massacre 8)U.S. sent more troops 9) by 1842 1,500 American troops had died in Seminole War 10) Seminoles could stay in Florida
1842 on 1) most Native Americans lived west of the Mississippi 2) Native Am. gave up 100 million acres 3) received $68 million & 32 million acres in return
1842 on continued 4) 5 Civilized Tribes - Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw & Choctaw moved on land claimed by the Osaga, Comanche & Kiowa 5) U.S. Army got an agreement to let the 5 Civilized Tribes to live in peace
1842 on continued 6) Tribes developed - gov't, farms, schools, and a police force
Created by: mshellabarger