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Science #2

Grades 5 to 6

Biology Science of living things
Biologists Scientists who studies living things
Botanists Scientists who studies plants
Botany Science of plants
Zoologists Scientists who studies animals
Zoology Science of animals
Microbiology Study of microscopic plants and animals
Microbiologists Scientists who study microscopic plants and animals
Cytology Study of cells
Cytologists Scientists who study cells
Entomology Study of insects
Entomologist Scientists who study insects
Herpetology Study of reptiles and amphibians
Herpetologists Scientists who study reptiles and amphibians
Ichthyology Study of fish
Ichthyologists Scientists who study fish
Mammology Study of mammals
Mammologists Scientists who study mammals
Marine Biology Study of plants and animals in seas and oceans
Marine Biologyists Scientists who study plants and animals in seas and oceans
Ornithology Study of birds
Ornithologists Scientists who study birds
Paleontology Study of fossil plants and animals from past ages
Paleontologists Scientists who study fossil plants and animals from past ages
George Washington Carver Agriculturalist known for crop rotation and developed over 325 uses for the peanut, a staple crop of the South in the USA
Rachel Carson Biologist who investigated and stopped the use of pesticides like DDT
Maria Mitchell Librarian and astronomer who identified Miss Mitchell's comet in 1847
Jonas Salk Microbiologist who developed a vaccine for polio
One of the Five Kingdoms: Animals Animalia Kingdom
One of the Five Kingdoms: Plants Plantae Kingdom
One of the Five Kingdoms: Fungus Organisms Fungi Kingdom (mushrooms, molds, yeast, etc.)
One of the Five Kingdoms: Protists Protista Kingdom (amoebas, paramecia, diatoms, euglenas, etc.)
One of the Five Kingdoms: Monerans Monera Kingdom (bacteria, blue-green algae, etc.)
Acronym for Classification of Living Things Keep Pond Clean Or Froggy Gets Sick (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species)
Vertebrate Animals with a backbone
Invertebrate Animals without a backbone
Exoskeleton Hard outer skin that works like a skeleton, but isn't really a "skeleton"
Number of vertebrates in the world 45,000 species
Number of invertebrates in the world Millions of species
Sponges Porifera (Invertebrate)
Stinging-Cell Animals Cnidaria (Invertebrate -10,000 species of jellyfish, corals, sea anemones)
Flatworms Platyehlminthes (Invertebrate - 13,000 species of tapeworms, flukes, planaria)
Roundworms Nematoda (Invertebrate - 12,000 species of parasites, some of which cause diseases)
Segmented Worms Annelida (Invertebrate - segmented and earthworms)
Mollusks Mollusca (Invertebrate - 50,000 species of snails, slugs, octopuses, squids, scallops, mussels, oysters)
Sea Stars and their Relatives Echinodermata (Invertebrate - 5,500 species of sea stars [aka starfish], brittle stars, sand dollars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers)
Arthropods Artthropoda (Invertebrate - 800,000 species of spiders, crustaceans, lobsters, crabs, millipedes, centipedes)
Chitlin Makes up the exoskeleton of arthropods
Cold-Blooded Animals Fish, Reptiles, and Amphibians
Warm-Blooded Animals Animals with an inside skeleton and blood system that circulates through blood. lungs, or gills
Fish Cold-Blooded Animal and Vertebrate
Skeletons made of cartilage Sharks, Rays, and Dogfish
Born with gills in water, but develop lungs as adults and live on land. Amphibians
Most amphibians are __________________ because they eat insects. Insectivores
Types of amphibians Frogs, Toads, Salamanders, and Newts
Reptiles First True Land Animals
What are characteristics of reptiles? Eggs have tough, leathery shells, covered w. dry scales, breathe through lungs, cold-blooded, generally four-legged with five claws on each foot, and are both herbivores and carnivores.
Types of reptiles Crocodiles, Alligators, Turtles, Tortoises, Lizards, and Snakes
What are characteristics of birds? Warm-blooded animals, beaks (no teeth), excellent eyesight, bad sense of smell, and lay their eggs in nests.
Young birds Fledgling
What do birds eat? Both plants and animals (herbivores and carnivores)
What are characteristics of mammals? Warm-blooded animals with hair and teeth, bear and nurse their live young,
Herbivore Only eats plants and vegetation
Carnivore Only eats meat and other animals
Omnivore Eats both plants and animals
What shape are animal cells? Round
What shape are plant cells? Rectangular
Which cells--plant or animal--have a cell wall? Plants
Of what are plant cell walls made? Cellulose
Plants are ________________ because they create their energy from the sun. Autotrophs
What do plant cells have that animal cells don't? Chloroplasts
By what process do plant cells produce energy? Photosynthesis
By what process do animal cells produce energy? Respiration
During photosynthesis, plants give off ____________, which is needed by animals to breathe. Oxygen
During respiration, animals give off ____________, which is needed by plants to Carbon Dioxide
How many organ systems do plants have? 3 (Ground, Dermal, & Vascular)
What is the sequence from cells to animals? Cells-->Tissues-->Organs-->Systems-->Animals
How many organ systems do animals have? 4 (Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, & Bone)
Blood is the _____________ tissue of cells. Connective
Epithelial Skin Cells
Crocodiles Have long, pointed snouts that are wider at the eyes and narrower at the nose
Alligators Have rounded snouts that are the same width from the eyes to the nose
Frogs Have smooth skin
Toads Have warty skin
Turtles Live in fresh water, salt water, and on land
Tortoises Only live on land
African Elephants Bigger, larger ears, flatter back, three toes on back feet, and both sexes have tusks
Asian Elephants Smaller,smaller ears,more rounded back, four toes on back feet, and only males have tusks
When did dinosaurs appear on Earth? 230 million years ago
For how many years did the dinosaurs roam the land? 160 million years
When did the dinosaurs die out? 65 million years ago
Natural disasters that may have wiped out the dinosaurs Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Species that may have wiped out the dinosaurs Smaller animals that may have eaten the dinosaurs' eggs
Weather change that may have wiped out the dinosaurs Drought
Astronomical change that may have wiped out the dinosaurs Giant meteorite crashed into Earth and raise such a dust cloud that blocked sunlight and brought about cooler climate that killed the dinosaurs' food sources
In which era did the dinosaurs dominate? Mesozoic
Which animal is the fastest land animal? Cheetah (70 mph)
Which bird is the fastest flyer? Swift (105 mph)
Which animal is the largest animal? Blue Whale (150 tons)
Which land animal is the largest? African Elephant (5 tons)
Created by: marybahner
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