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Chapter 14 Test-LA
|A system designed to ensure that state jobs went to people on the basis of their experience or qualifications for the job, rather than on the basis of political patronage.
|Civil service system
|A tax paid on the purchase of goods and services, which is collected by the seller.
|Following without interruption, as with a term in office.
|Materials or money paid by a country losing a war to the winners to make up for damages done in the war.
|People who want to avoid international political and economic relations and instead focus energies and resources on solving a country’s own economic problems.
|A large-scale armed forces training exercise.
|Limiting the consumption of scarce resources or supplies, such as during a war.
|A garden planted by residents of cities in their yards or on nearby lots to grow their own food during World War II.
|Equipment and supplies used by soldiers.
|A 1944 federal law that made an educational scholarship available to anyone who had served in uniform during the war; officially called the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act.
|A protest in which people refuse to buy certain goods or use certain services until specific conditions are met.
|A case decided in the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954 that was specifically focused on the desegregation of public schools but also overturned “separate-but-equal” provisions of the 1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson case.
|Brown v. Board of Education
|An act requiring that people be given equal access to public facilities throughout the nation regardless of their race; it also outlawed discrimination in employment, forcing most public agencies to integrate their workforces after 1964.
|Civil Rights Act of 1964
|Legislation that required southern states to allow African Americans to return to the voting rolls and that outlawed poll taxes.
|Voting Rights Act of 1965
|Which Louisiana governor started the civil service system?
|Which Louisiana governor was the youngest mayor in the United States?
|Which Long era programs did Sam Jones promise to continue?
|free schoolbooks and infrastructure
|How would the establishment of the civil service system affect party supporters?
|There would be fewer government jobs available.
|Which of Louisiana’s governors is credited with bringing dignity and stability back to the office?
|Which Louisiana governor was known as the Singing Cowboy?
|Which of Davis’ songs became a State Song?
|“You Are My Sunshine”
|Which explains why Earl Long repealed patronage legislation?
|He wanted to reestablish absolute control of the state government.
|Which caused Louisiana’s sales tax to double during Earl Long’s first elected term as governor?
|Long continued and expanded the social programs voters expected.
|Which explains why Earl Long put African Americans back on voting rolls?
|Long believed it would create a similar effect to patronage.
|Which did Jimmie Davis pledge to do during his second term as governor?
|How did the reality of McKeithen’s term as governor differ from what he had promised to do?
|He helped the state transition peacefully to racial integration.
|What started World War II?
|Invasion of Poland and the Far East by Germany and Japan.
|How did the United States’ decision to join the Allied Powers in World War II impact Louisiana?
|Louisiana became an essential location for training and equipment production.
|Who was the leader of Germany during World War II?
|Which best explains the idea known as Fortress America?
|The belief that our nation’s distance from Europe made us an unlikely target for attack.
|Which prompted the United States to join the Allied forces during World War II?
|the attack on Pearl Harbor
|What is shown in the map?
|Which conclusion can be drawn about the military’s reason for choosing Louisiana as its training grounds?
|They needed an area with varied terrain to train men and test equipment.
|Which wartime practice does this poster promote?
|Approximately how many soldiers were trained in the Louisiana Maneuvers?
|What happened as rubber became increasingly scarce during the war?
|Only two pairs of shoes could be purchased each year.
|Which groups were needed to fill manufacturing positions in New Orleans during the war?
|women and African Americans
|Which conclusion can be drawn about the economic impact of World War II?
|War industries provided much needed economic relief following the Great Depression.
|Which was the first to be racially desegregated?
|Which event ended segregation in the military?
|Executive Order 9981
|Who was a prominent leader of the NAACP in Louisiana?
|What did African Americans boycott in Baton Rouge in 1953?
|What happened as a result of the Baton Rouge bus boycott?
|African Americans were given more access to seats on buses.
|Which conclusion can be drawn from the map?
|Racial segregation was most common in former slave states.
|Which case resulted in school desegregation?
|Brown v. Board of Education
|How long after Brown v. Board of Education did Louisiana began integrating its public schools?
|Who helped parents who opposed integration remove their children from schools in Orleans Parish?
|What did groups formed by those who believed strongly that integration was wrong call themselves?
|White Citizens’ Councils
|Which legislation outlawed discrimination in employment?
|Civil Rights Act
|Which legislation outlawed poll taxes?
|Voting Rights Act
|With what country did the US engage in the Cold War?
|Using this source, which statement best explains how World War II influenced the economy of Louisiana?
|It helped create a manufacturing industry in the state, by making the boats that were used in the invasion.
|The plans shown are for which type of boat?
|Based on the texts, which conclusion can be drawn about Andrew Higgins’ impact on Louisiana’s economy?
|Higgins’ businesses contributed millions of dollars and thousands of jobs to the state for many years.
|Which of the following contributed much of Louisiana’s population migrating from rural areas to urban areas in the mid-20th century?
|I and IV
|Which of the following represent major civil rights legislation during the Civil Rights Movement?
|IV and V
|The excerpt below is from the Supreme Court decision Brown v Board of Education. Read the excerpt and determine which of the following statements best summarizes its meaning.
|Even given equal facilities, separation by race limits educational opportunities.
|What best represents the subject of the cartoon?
|Change is a long, slow process.