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New Asian Empires

TermDefinition
ghazis "warriors for the Islam faith"
Ottomans Westerners came to refer to Osman and his descendants
sultan Arabic for "ruler"
Janissaries Christian boys converted to Islam and trained as elite soldiers and were loyal only to the sultan.
Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1444 to 1446 and again from 1451 to 1481; he was a strong military leader who conquered the Byzantine capital of Constantinople.
Suleyman I Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566; he expanded the empire and took on a large economic and political role in the affairs of Europe and the Mediterranean.
shah "king" if the Safavid Empire
┬┤Abbas Shah of the Safavid Empire in Persia from 1588 to 1629; his military victories against the Ottomans and skilled administrators brought about a golden age in Safavid history.
Babur Founder of the Mughal Empire of India; he invaded Afghanistan and India and established an empire there.
Mughal Empire a Muslim empire in India (1526-1761) founded by Babur
Akbar the Great Mughal Emperor of India; ruled from 1556 until 1605 and continued the policy of conquest put in place under regent Bairim Khan, enlarging his empire to include nearly all of the Indian peninsula north of the Godavari River.
Sikhism an Indian religion founded in the late 1400s whose beliefs blend elements of Hinduism and Islam
Shah Jahan Mughal emperor of India from 1628 to 1658; under his rule, Mughal power reached its height and his age was the golden period of Muslim art and architecture.
Taj Mahal a mausoleum built by India's Mughal emperor Shah Jahan from 1632-1643 to honor his wife.
Aurangzeb Mughal emperor of India; expanded Mughal power to its greatest extant. However, his efforts to impose his strict religious views helped undermine Mughal rule.
Created by: matthewwells