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Government Basics

Government Politics Citizen Power

TermDefinition
Oligarchy a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Autocracy a system of government by one person with absolute power.
Federal having or relating to a system of government in which several states form a unity but remain independent in internal affairs.
Confederation an organization that consists of a number of parties or groups united in an alliance or league.
Unitary a country in which the central government has the most power and any regional or local offices have only the powers that the central government chooses to give it.
Presidential Democracy a system of government in which also called an executive branch exist but is separate from the legislature. President is elected separately from the legislature.
Parliamentary Democracy a form of government where voters elect the parliament, which then forms the government. The party with the most votes picks the leader of the government.
Diet a formal government assembly. Word is mainly used historically for the legislative branch of certain countries. (Japan, Israel)
Absolute Monarchy Rule by one person. Usually a king or a queen, or emperor. They have complete power, and make all government decisions.
Constitutional Monarchy A form of national government in which the power of the monarch (the king or queen) is restrained by a parliament, by law, or by custom.
Vote a formal indication of a choice between two or more candidates or courses of action, expressed typically through a ballot or a show of hands or by voice.
Majority Rule the principle that the greater number should exercise greater power.
Republic a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Legislature having the power to make laws. relating to laws or the making of them.
Prime Minister the head of an elected government; the principal minister of a sovereign or state.
Dictator a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
Communism a government idea by Karl Marx. When a government (public) owns all property and businesses, and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Created by: bday1216
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