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Mesoamerica Vocab

Social Studies

Lands that were once connected as a bridge that crossed the Bering Strait, allowing humans to migrate from Asia to the Americas. Aleutian Islands.
Earliest civilizations in Mesoamerica, known as "rubber people". Olmec Civilizations.
Raw form of chocolate beans used by some Mesoamerican civilizations as currency. Cacao.
Glass formed when lava comes in contact with water, used by American civilizations for weapons and jewelry. Obsidian.
One of the earliest South American civilizations, located in the Andes Mountains. Chavin civilization.
First domesticated animal in South America, first used by the Chavin. Llama.
Classical Mesoamerican civilization located on the Yucatan Peninsula, used slash and burn farming, organized into city states. Maya Civilization.
Agricultural technique that involves the cutting and burning of trees and plants to create fields and replenish the lands with nutrients, used by the Maya. Slash and burn agriculture.
Memorial pillars built by the Mayan to commemorate great leaders or mark ceremonial ceremonies. Stelae.
Lacerating, disemboweling, and decapitating humans in order to appease the gods. Human sacrifice.
Mesoamerican civilization centered around a lead city, considered to be the earliest American urban center. Teotihuacan Civilization.
Formed by a post classical Mesoamerican civilization warrior tribe centered around the capital of Tula. Toltec Civilization.
Toltec God, known as the feathered serpent. Quetzalcoatl.
Post classical Mesoamerican civilization centered around the capital city of Tenochtitlan. Aztec civilization.
Aztec pictographic civilization. Codices.
Capital city of Aztecs, created in the middle of a lake. Tenochtitlan.
Floating gardens, method of creating small farming plots by draining water from swampy farms. Chinampas.
Aztec system of collecting payments from conquered groups in the form of crops. Tribute systems.
Chief Aztec God, to whom the Aztecs sacrificed thousands of humans. Huitzilopochtli.
South American civilization which rose to power following the collapse of the Chavin in the Andes. Moche civilization.
Most powerful South American civilization, rose to power following the Moche collapse. Inca civilization.
Capital city of the Incan civilization, located in the Andes Mountains of South America. Cuzco.
Record keeping system used by the Incas in which knots on cords represented numerical values. Khipus.
Incan system of forced communal labor, based on the organization of the ayllus. Mita Labor System.
Local communities within the Incan Labor System. Ayllus.
Incan spoken language. Quechua.
North American farming settlements in Southwestern United States. Anasazi.
Permanent stone and adobe buildings which created multi-storied tenement housing. Pueblos.
Enclosures within Anasazi pueblos where rituals would take place. Kivas.
North American mound builder settlements along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Cahokia.
Created by: emarciante9



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