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SSUSH19

US History Standard 19

TermDefinition
Phillip Randolph He demanded equal opportunities in war jobs and armed forces during WWII. He helped encourage the end of segregation in the military
Pearl Harbor United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into WWII. December 7, 1941.
Internment the imprisonment or confinement of people, commonly in large groups, without trial. The United States did it to Japanese-Americans in WWII
Lend-Lease Act US policy (while neutral) to lend war materials to nations if it was “vital to US security”
Battle of Midway Important naval victory against Japan during WWII.
D-Day Allied invasion of German-occupied France; beginning of pushing Germany back. June 6, 1944
Fall of Berlin April 1945, surrounded by Allies to southwest & Soviet Red Army to the east, Hitler committed suicide & Germany surrendered.
Mobilization America making every effort to be successful in WWII – industry converts, women work, rationing, etc.
Manhattan Project Code name for program to develop the atomic bomb
Los Alamos Location of secret labs where atomic bomb was created.
Atomic Bomb Nuclear weapon developed by US during WWII – used to end war
Hiroshima Japanese City that was the first target of an atomic attack by the US
European Theater Fighting against Germany and Italy
Pacific Theater Fighting against Japan
Wartime Conservation Using only the necessities and sending the rest to the war – helped economy recover from depression
Rationing Government only allowed families to use small amounts of certain groceries & gas
Joseph Stalin Communist dictator of the USSR during WWII
Adolph Hitler Nazi Dictator of Germany during WWII
Winston Chirchill Prime Minister of Britain during much of WWII
Harry S. Truman Becomes US President after death of FDR in 1945
Created by: croper1