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Soc Studies Voc L-Z
Social Study Vocabulary Terms (L-Z)
|League of Nations
|organization that sought to prevent conflict after WWI, encouraged by Woodrow Wilson. Ultimately failed because the USA did not join
|branch of government that makes the laws, House of Representatives and Senate
|investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand
|American program to aid Europe post WWI, in an effort to encourage countries to favor Democracy and not Communism
|referring to the fear of communism in the 1950s, aided by the efforts of Senator Joseph McCarthy
|the belief that government should maintain a strong military
|Mixed Economy –.
|economy where both the state and the private sector had influence; Most economies are mixed
|the change in a society from agricultural to a modern society
|when a company is the only one making a product, they can then charge whatever they want for it
|pride in one’s country
|system of laws that are determined by nature. Certain rights should be given to every man.
|to stay out of a conflict, to not pick either side of a disagreement
|A system of government where citizens elect the Legislature and the Legislature selects the executive
|Plessey v Ferguson
|1896. Upheld racial segregation in public facilities. Must be “separate but equal”
|Political Action Committee
|organization that donates money to or against a candidate in an election to further their individual interests
|political philosophy where people claim that live is the “regular” people versus the elites
|an educated guess about what will or should happen
|A system of government where citizens elect both the Legislature and the executive
|a source from someone who was actually there. A person, diary, picture, artifact, autobiography, etc.
|political philosophy advocating or favoring gradual social, political, and economic reform through government action
|the outlaw of alcohol, 18th Amendment in 1919
|form of communication that is aimed towards influencing the attitude of the community toward some cause or position by presenting only one side of an argument
|to approve something ; Congress does this when passing legislation.)
|Fear of communism; Result of communist revolution in Russia; restricted immigration to the US , "Red" nickname for a communist
|Person who leaves their home country to escape persecution, starvation, war, etc.
|provide evidence that proves a claim incorrect
|an area of a country or continent
|the idea that the families of former slave owners should give money to the families of former slaves as a way to right the wrongs of slavery ; SEE definition of "war reparations" also
|areas outside of cities, country, small towns
|the act of withdrawing from a political entity.
|a source that has been written after the event using many primary sources. Encyclopedia, biography, textbook, atlas
|the division of an area into smaller sections. A person is usually loyal to only their section and not to the others, can bring conflict between different sections
|Separation of Powers
|the division of power between the three branches of government. Ensures that one branch does not become too powerful
|a run-down area of a city where people live in poor conditions. In history immigrants frequently live in them
|the idea that citizens agree to be governed by their government. People typically give up some freedoms to bring order and safety
|a person or document that is providing information being used in an essay, speech, ect.
|a widely held but fixed/ oversimplified image OR idea of a particular type of person OR thing. i.e., the view that the woman as the carer OR the city is too easily viewed as an industrial wasteland.
|a small portion of ownership in a company in exchange for money that business can then invest
|when people move out of the city to the surrounding areas creating suburbs
|the right to vote in political elections; i.e., women's right to vote (19th Amendment)
|the amount of a product that is available to buy in the market.
|provide evidence to support a claim
|Tax on imports and exports. Discourages international trade to protect domestic industries
|a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer. Money is used to build roads, parks, run bus systems, etc.
|a government run by religious officials and governed according to the religion
|a guess about why something is a certain way
|the subject of an essay, paper, or extended response
|the features of the top of the earth, mountains, hills, rivers, etc.
|typically refers to putting events in the order that they happened, chronological order
|economic system based on tradition, typically only farming enough to live on
|the pledge by the USA that we would help any nation who was trying to resist the spread of Communism, first used with Greece and Turkey
|a large business, usually a monopoly
|also known as the Allied Powers. See Allied Powers for definition.
|the Northern states during the Civil War; Included states of Ohio, Maine, New York, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Indiana, Illinois, , Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, California ...
|organization where representatives from various countries gather to help prevent conflict. Founded in 1945
|compensation for labor, usually money
|World War I
|World War One was fought between the "Central Powers" and the "Triple Entente", which later also known as the Allied Powers. July 1914 – November 11, 1918
|World War II
|Hitler invaded Poland; France & Britain declare war on Germany, beginning World War II between Axis Powers (Germany, Italy & Japan) and Allied “Allies” Powers (Britain, France, Australia Canada, New Zealand, India, Soviet Union, China & US) 1939–1945
|telegram from Germany to Mexico suggesting that they join the Central powers in the event that the USA entered WWI
|Women Right to Vote; Women's Suffrage
|Freedom of Press, Religion, Petition, Assembly & Speech
|Citizenship to everyone born in the U.S.
|Right to vote to ALL adult males
|Direct Election of Senators (Progressive Reform)
|Outlaws literacy test & poll taxes as requirements for voting
|Lowers voting age to 18
|Money a country is forced to pay after losing a war supposedly for wrongs they committed