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Health Test Taylor

Health Test Ch. 10

Nutrition The process by which your body takes in and uses food
Nutrients substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itself, and to supply you with energy
Calorie A unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses and the energy it receives from food
Hunger The natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food
Appetite The psychological desire for food
Hunger, Appetite, Emotions, Environment, Friends, Time and Money, Advertising What influences your food choices?
Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats Nutrients that provide energy
Vitamins, Minerals, Water Nutrients that perform functions other than providing energy
Simple, Complex, and Fiber 3 types of Carbohydrates
moves waste through the digestive system Function of fiber (1)
Glucose Blood Sugar
Proteins Nutrients the body uses to build and maintain its cells and tissues
Unsaturated, Saturated, and Trans 3 types of fats
Unsaturated Fat Which type of fat may lower your risk of heart disease?
Trans Fat Which type of fat increases blood cholesterol levels?
Saturated Fat What type of fat may increase risk of heart disease?
Cholestrol a waxy, fat-like substance in your blood
Minerals elements found in food that are used by the body
MyPyramid an interactive guide to healthful eating and active living
Dietary Guidelines for Americans Set of Recommendations about smart eating and physical activity for all Americans
Oils What does the yellow on the pyramid represent?
to be physically active What do the steps on the pyramid remind you?
energy in the foods with regular physical activity The MyPyramid guidelines recommend that everyone balance what?
Nutrient-Dense foods that have a high ratio of nutrients to calories
Plate diagram What helps you visualize how a healthful meal might look on your plate?
Bread, Oatmeal, Rice Provide 3 examples of grains.
Broccoli, Carrots, and Corn Provide 3 examples of vegetables.
Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese Provide 3 examples of milk products.
Carbohydrates starches and sugars found in foods, which provide your body's main source of energy
Fiber a tough complex carbohydrate that the body cannot digest
Vitamins compounds found in food that help regulate many body processes
Osteoporosis a condition in which the bones become fragile
Food Additives substances added to a food to produce a desired effect
foodborne illnesses food poisoning
pasteurization treating a substance with heat to kill or slow the growth of pathogens
cross contamination the spreading of pathogens from one food to another
food allergy a condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods
food intolerance a negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system
Carbohydrates Nutrient that provides the most energy
Vitamin D What are you lacking if you have osteomalacia?
Thiamine (B1) What are you lacking if you have beriberi?
Vitamin A What are you lacking if you have night blindness?
Folic Acid (Folate) What are you lacking if you have birth defects?
Fortified Cereals, Dairy Products, Salmon, Tuna Food sources for Vitamin D (4)
Berries, Peppers, Tomatoes, Broccoli, Spinach Food sources for Vitamin C (5)
Carrots, Sweet Potatoes, Tomatoes, Fortified Cereals, Fish Food Sources for Vitamin A (5)
Iodized Salt, Seafood Food Sources for Iodine (2)
Chill, Cook, Separate, Clean 4 steps to prevent foodborne illnesses
Salmonella A pathogen that grows on food
Anaphylaxis Most dangerous allergic reaction; throat swells, heart has difficulty pumping
Lactose Intolerance Most common intolerance; negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system; symptoms include gas, bloating, and abdominal pain
Fructose sugar found in fruits
Lactose sugar found in milk
Sucrose table sugar
26 grams amount of fiber teen girls should have each day
38 grams amount of fiber teen guys should have each day
prevents blood clotting and aids bone formation Role of Vitamin K
produces energy and maintains healthy bones Role of Phosphorous
Eliminates water from your body, which leads to dehydration Effects of caffeine
turned into glucose, provide your body with the most energy Role of carbohydrates
helps you feel full, may reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes Functions of Fiber(4)
Helps build and maintain your cells and tissues, Helps your body grow, necessary for bones, muscles, skin, and internal organs Function of Proteins
form of energy, blood clotting, controls inflammation, healthy skin and hair, absorbs and transmits fat soluble vitamins Function of Fats (5)
helps regulate many body processes Function of Vitamins
Used by the body in different ways Function of Minerals (All the specific ways each mineral is used is on your vitamin/mineral chart... same with the function of vitamins)
Moves food through digestive system, transports nutrients and removes waste, stores and releases heat, cools the body through sweat, cushions the eyes, brain, and spinal cord, lubricates the joints Function of Water
Aspartame sugar substitute; used in diet soft drinks
Olestra fat substitute; used in some potato chips
Free Fewer than 5 calories or what the product is ..... of.
Low 3 grams or less of what the product is .... in
Light contains 1/3 fewer calories, 1/2 the fat, or 1/2 the sodium of the original version OR referring to the color of the food
Reduced contains 25% fewer calories or 25% less of a nutrient than the original version
High Provides at least 20% of the daily value for a vitamin
Good Source of Provides 10 to 19% of the daily value for a vitamin
Healthy low in fat and saturated fat, limited amounts of sodium, at least 10% daily value of Vitamin A, C, iron, calcium, protein, or fiber
Organic Foods produced without the use of certain agricultural chemicals, such as synthetic fertilizers or pesticides; produced without genetically modified ingredients, or be subjected to certain types of radiation
Grains What does orange represent on the pyramid?
Vegetables What does green represent on the pyramid
Fruits What does red represent on the pyramid
Milk What does blue represent on the pyramid
Proteins What does purple represent on the pyramid
Apples, Bananas, and Strawberries Provide three examples of fruits.
Fish, Chicken, Beans Provide three examples of proteins.
Olive oil, Sunflower Oil, Vegetable Oil Provide three examples of oils.
3 oz. Amount of grains you should have each day
2 1/2 cups Amount of vegetables you should have each day
2 cups Amount of fruits you should have each day
3 cups Amount of dairy you should have each day
5 1/2 oz Amount of protein you should have each day
Limited Amount Amount of oils you should have each day.
Created by: taygaligher
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