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Social Studies 4

What is an abolitionist? people who wanted to abolish or end slavery
What is a plantation? large farms that grow one type of crop
What is the Underground Railroad? a system of helping slaves escape to freedom
What kind of economy did the North have? The North had an industrial economy. Many people were able to get jobs in factories.
What kind of economy did the South have? The South had a farming economy. They had large plantations which used slave labor to grow their crops.
What is the Fugitive Slave Act? Slave owners could recapture escaped slaves even in states where slavery was illegal.
Who was Frederick Douglass? A famous abolitionist who learned how to read and write as a slave. He was one of the country's most important speakers and writers on abolition.
What are "stations" "stationmasters" "conductors"? "stations" are the places where slaves would hide such as barns, houses and churches "stationmasters" are people who helped the slaves hide "conductors" are people who helped move the slaves from one safe place to another such as Harriet Tubman
What does secede mean? to break away
What does union mean? a group that is bound together for a common purpose
What is a proclamation? an official public announcement
What does emancipate mean? to set free
What is a Civil War? when people within a country fight against each other
What are 3 reasons for the Civil War? slavery economy state's rights
What is the Emancipation Proclamation? Lincoln declares all slaves free.
What is the Gettysburg Address? Lincoln's famous speech about why he believed in fighting to save the Union.
How long did the Civil War last? four years
What is the Reconstruction Period? the time after the war to rebuild the South
What is a sharecropper? a farmer who gives part of his crop to a landlord as payment for using the land.
What is discrimination? the unequal treatment of people
What is segregation? the separation of people based on race
How many slaves were freed during the Civil War? four million
What does the 13th Amendment do? makes slavery illegal
What happened on April 14, 1865? Lincoln was killed by John Wilkes Booth
What freedoms did African Americans get during the Reconstruction Period? the freedom to vote, go to school and hold jobs
Created by: msholmangrade4
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