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Unit 5 Vocabulary

Vocabulary from the guided reading pages.

TermDefinition
Bill of Rights First 10 Constitutional amendments that protect the rights of citizens; guarantee individual rights
Antifederalists people who opposed the Constitution
Federalists people who supported the Constitution
Amendment official change to a document
Constitution a written plan of government; basic set of principles that states the powers and duties of government
Suffrage the right to vote
Articles of Confederation the first written plan of government (constitution) for the United States; written during the American Revolution
Ratify to approve
Tariff a tax on imported or exported goods
Interstate commerce trade between two or more states
Shay's Rebellion an uprising in which hundreds of men tried to force a shutdown of the courts to prevent their land from being taken; displayed weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention meeting held in Philadelphia, PA to fix the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
James Madison convention delegate; known as the "Father of the Constitution"
Virginia Plan plan that proposed a bicameral (two-house) legislature
New Jersey Plan plan proposing a unicameral legislature
Great Compromise created a two branch legislature: Congress consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate
Three-fifths Compromise allowed each state to count 3/5 of its slave population to add the number of representatives it would receive in the House of Representatives
popular sovereignty the idea that political power comes from the people; consent of the governed
Federalism the sharing of power between a central government and the states; the central government is supreme
Legislative branch the branch of government that makes laws; Congress
Executive branch enforces the laws; the president, vice president and cabinet
Judicial branch the branch of government that interprets the laws; federal court system, Supreme Court
Checks and Balances a system that keeps any branch of government from becoming too powerful
Created by: ssluck