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Grade 5

iCivics terms and essential ideas, anatomy of the Constitution

ratify approve or pass an amendment
execute carry out a law
federalism a system where the national government shares power with state government
republican a representative form of government
propose introduce an new amendment
100 number of senators in the U.S. Senate ( two per state)
The Bill of Rights added to the Constitution to list rights not already in the Constitution
"supreme law of the land" U.S. or federal laws described in the Constitution
2 years term (time they may serve) for members of the House of Representatives
Articles of Confederation first plan of government for the United States
confederation union of states with equal powers
no president, no national courts, no direct taxation weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
ordinance an order or law made by a government
Northwest Ordinance people living in NW Territories between the Mississippi River, Great Lakes, and the Ohio River could organize their own governments
American soldiers people not paid from fighting in the Revolutionary War
Shays Rebellion angry colonists shut down the courts to prevent them from taking their property
delegate someone that you trust to represent your interests
Framers delegates to the Philadelphia Convention, organized and wrote the Constitution, many were leaders during the RW or had served in Congress
Rhode Island refused to send delegates because they were against changing the Articles of Confederation
George Washington, James Madison, Benjamin Frankliin important delegates to the convention
George Washington commander in chief of the American army during the Revolution, a great hero
"Father of the Constitution" James Madison, ideas greatly influenced other delegates
Benjamin Franklin printer, inventor, writer, foreign diplomat
Thomas Jefferson main author of the Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry refused to attend the convention , feared a strong national government, tried to convince people to reject the Constitution
Created by: mdlk5
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